图书情报工作 ›› 2020, Vol. 64 ›› Issue (9): 104-113.DOI: 10.13266/j.issn.0252-3116.2020.09.012

• 知识组织 • 上一篇    下一篇

学术论文研究亮点的语言学特征与分布规律研究

索传军, 于果鑫   

  1. 中国人民大学信息资源管理学院 北京 100872
  • 收稿日期:2019-06-13 修回日期:2019-10-28 出版日期:2020-05-05 发布日期:2020-05-05
  • 通讯作者: 于果鑫(ORCID:0000-0002-7787-8511):硕士研究生,通讯作者,E-mail:18660113368@163.com
  • 作者简介:索传军(ORCID:0000-0002-7416-1513):教授,博士生导师。

Exploration of the Research “Highlights” in Academic Papers

Suo Chuanjun, Yu Guoxin   

  1. School of Information Resource Management, Renmin University of China
  • Received:2019-06-13 Revised:2019-10-28 Online:2020-05-05 Published:2020-05-05

摘要: [目的/意义] 论文出版过程中,若能够合理有效地呈现出一篇学术论文的核心观点,不仅可以大大减少科研人员在查找和筛选文献上花费的时间,而且有助于阅读与理解。[方法/过程] 通过标注385篇XML格式期刊论文,构建了研究语料库,再利用关键词分析法对亮点的语言学特征进行分析,借助自然语言处理算法探索亮点的分布特征。[结果/结论] 亮点是一组规范的、语义明确的短句的集合,是一篇学术论文与其他论文相比较的新观点、新视角、新方法、新思路、新结果、新结论等内容的体现。亮点具有新颖性、简明性、易读性、"宣传"性等特点。亮点分为研究创新型亮点、研究方法型亮点、研究过程型亮点与研究结论型亮点,本文发现了亮点在正文和各章节的分布情况。

关键词: 学术论文, 研究亮点, 亮点价值, 语言学特征, 分布特征

Abstract: [Purpose/significance] In the process of publishing a paper, if the core viewpoint of an academic paper can be presented reasonably and effectively, it can not only greatly reduce the time spent by researchers in searching and screening literature, but also help to read and understand. [Method/process] By annotating 385 journal papers in XML format, a research corpus was constructed, and then the linguistic characteristics of highlights were analyzed by keyword analysis method, and the distribution characteristics of highlights were explored by natural language processing algorithm. [Result/conclusion] The highlight of this paper is the collection of a set of normative and clear-cut short sentences, which is the embodiment of new viewpoints, new perspectives, new methods, new ideas, new results and new conclusions in an academic paper compared with other papers. The highlights are novel, concise, readable and "propaganda". In addition, this paper divides the highlights into research innovation highlights, research methods highlights, research process highlights and research conclusion highlights, and finds the distribution of highlights in the text and chapters.

Key words: highlights, definition of highlight, value of highlight, linguistic characteristic, distribution characteristic

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