图书情报工作 ›› 2020, Vol. 64 ›› Issue (14): 3-12.DOI: 10.13266/j.issn.0252-3116.2020.14.001

• 理论研究 •    下一篇

开放科学环境下国家科技文献发展战略研究与展望

孙坦1,2, 黄永文1, 张建勇3, 赵瑞雪1,2, 鲜国建1,2, 李娇1   

  1. 1 中国农业科学院农业信息研究所 北京 100081;
    2 农业农村部农业大数据实验室 北京 100081;
    3 中国科学院文献情报中心 北京 100190
  • 收稿日期:2020-02-19 修回日期:2020-04-05 出版日期:2020-07-20 发布日期:2020-07-20
  • 通讯作者: 黄永文(ORCID:0000-0001-8912-0698),副研究馆员,博士,通讯作者,E-mail:huangyongwen@caas.cn
  • 作者简介:孙坦(ORCID:0000-0002-8257-5064),副院长,研究员,博士;张建勇(ORCID:0000-0001-7533-1726),研究馆员,硕士;赵瑞雪(ORCID:0000-0002-1406-8562),副所长,研究员,博士;鲜国建(ORCID:0000-0003-4332-1958),研究员,博士;李娇(ORCID:0000-0002-8876-3728),馆员,博士研究生。
  • 基金资助:
    本文系国家科技图书文献中心专项"下一代开放知识服务平台总体设计及关键技术研发"(项目编号:2019XM55)研究成果之一。

Research and Thinking on the Development Strategy of National Scientific and Technological Literature in the Open Science Environment

Sun Tan1,2, Huang Yongwen1, Zhang Jianyong3, Zhao Ruixue1,2, Xian Guojian1,2, Li Jiao1   

  1. 1 Agricultural Information Institution of CAAS, Beijing 100081;
    2 Key Laboratory of Agricultural Big Data, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Beijing 100081;
    3 National Science Library, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190
  • Received:2020-02-19 Revised:2020-04-05 Online:2020-07-20 Published:2020-07-20

摘要: [目的/意义] 科技文献是科学研究不可或缺的手段,是提升科技创新能力的支撑和保障,通过研究国内外科技文献建设情况,为国家中长期科学和技术发展规划的制订做好前期战略研究。[方法/过程] 针对我国科技文献建设发展现状和存在的问题进行研究,分析国外科技文献建设的经验,总结开放科学环境下科技文献的发展趋势和面临的新需求,提出我国科技文献建设的未来布局和发展规划。[结果/结论] 提出未来我国国家科技文献建设的重点方向:建成国际一流的新一代国家科技文献基础设施和科技文献长期保存体系,确保我国科技文献可持续供给和战略安全;建设国家科技创新开放知识服务系统,突破新一代科技文献智能知识服务的关键技术与产品的自主供给瓶颈;建成覆盖各类创新主体的国家科技文献协同保障服务体系,形成开放智能知识服务新业态;积极引领科技文献发展政策和发展方向,提升我国在国际学术舞台的影响力。并且,从5个方面提出我国国家科技文献建设的保障措施。

关键词: 科技文献, 发展战略, 科技创新, 知识服务, 开放科学

Abstract: [Purpose/significance] Scientific and technological literature is an indispensable means of scientific research and the guarantee to enhance the ability of scientific and technological innovation. Through studying the current situation of the construction of domestic and foreign science and technology documents in China, we can do a good strategic research for the national medium and long-term science and technology development plan. [Method/process] This paper studied the development progress and existing problems of the construction of scientific and technological literature in China, analyzed the experience of the construction of foreign scientific and technological literature, summarized the development trend and demand of the scientific and technological literature in the open science environment,and put forward the future layout and development plan of the construction of scientific and technological literature in China. [Result/conclusion] Put forward the future key direction of the construction of China's national scientific and technological literature:to build a new generation of national scientific and technological literature infrastructure and a long-term preservation system of scientific and technological documents, to ensure the sustainable supply and strategic security of China's scientific and technological literature; to build a national scientific and technological innovation and open knowledge service system, to break through the independent supply of key technologies and products of the new generation of scientific and technological literature Intelligent Knowledge Service Bottleneck; to establish a national science and technology literature collaborative support service system covering all kinds of innovation subjects, and form a new generation of open intelligent knowledge service industry; to guide the development policy and direction of science and technology literature, enhance China's influence in the international academic arena, and put forward five guarantee measures for the construction of China's national science and technology literature.

Key words: science and technology literature, development strategy, science and technology innovation, knowledge service, open science

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