图书情报工作 ›› 2021, Vol. 65 ›› Issue (1): 4-11.DOI: 10.13266/j.issn.0252-3116.2021.01.001

• 图书情报与档案管理前沿热点专辑 • 上一篇    下一篇

情报学范式变革与数据驱动型情报工作发展趋势

刘细文   

  1. 中国科学院文献情报中心 北京 100190;中国科学院大学经济与管理学院图书情报与档案管理系 北京 100190
  • 收稿日期:2021-01-22 出版日期:2021-01-05 发布日期:2021-01-05
  • 作者简介:刘细文(ORCID:0000-0003-0820-3622),中国科学院文献情报中心主任,中国科学院大学岗位教授,研究员,博士生导师,E-mail:liuxw@mail.las.ac.cn。

Paradigm Transformation of Library and Information Science and Trends of Data-driven Information Services

Liu Xiwen   

  1. National Science Library, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190;Department of Library, Information and Archives Management, School of Economics and Management, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190
  • Received:2021-01-22 Online:2021-01-05 Published:2021-01-05

摘要: [目的/意义] 对情报概念内涵、情报学理论范式变革、情报工作内涵进行梳理,阐明发展数据驱动型情报研究工作的必然趋势。[方法/过程] 通过文献调研,从历史视角梳理信息、情报学的概念内涵和情报工作对象的演化,基于数据-信息-情报-知识-智慧(DIKIW)的相互关系模型,说明在情报工作中数据建设的重要性;将情报学的理论范式分为四类,阐述每种范式指导下的情报工作重点和发展趋势。[结果/结论] 在情报学多元范式和DIKIW的基本认知下,未来情报工作的战略选择应该重视发展基于数据的情报研究,进而建立以智能情报为核心的决策支持系统,充分发挥情报研究的决策咨询作用。

关键词: 情报学范式, 科技情报工作, 数据驱动, 情报研究

Abstract: [Purpose/significance] The paradigm transformations of library and information science, concept of information and intelligence, are sorted out and demarcated, so as to expound certain trends of data-driven information services. [Method/process] Through literature survey, this paper sorted out the concept connotation of information and LIS and the evolution of the object of S&T information service from the historical perspective, and explained the importance of data construction in the information services on the basis of understanding the interrelation of DIKIW model. The theoretical paradigms of LIS could be divided into four categories and clarified the key points of trends and choices of each paradigm. [Result/conclusion] Based on the basic cognition of DIKIW and multi-paradigms of LIS, the choice of intelligence services in the future should be attached to the development of data-driven intelligence studies, be carried out strategic intelligence studies in disciplinary fields, and then establish the Decision Support System(DSS) with intelligent intelligence as the core, so as to give full play to the decision supporting consultation function of intelligence studies.

Key words: paradigm of LIS, S&T information services, data-driven, intelligence studies

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