图书情报工作 ›› 2021, Vol. 65 ›› Issue (1): 24-33.DOI: 10.13266/j.issn.0252-3116.2021.01.005

• 图书情报与档案管理前沿热点专辑 • 上一篇    下一篇

以国际智库为来源的开源情报评价框架研究

邹婧雅, 于亮, 李刚   

  1. 南京大学信息管理学院 南京 210023
  • 收稿日期:2020-12-21 修回日期:2021-01-19 出版日期:2021-01-05 发布日期:2021-01-05
  • 通讯作者: 李刚(ORCID:0000-0002-7356-7388),博士生导师,教授,通讯作者,E-mail:ligang@nju.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:邹婧雅(ORCID:0000-0003-2428-176X),博士研究生;于亮(ORCID:0000-0001-5546-1355),博士研究生。
  • 基金资助:
    本文系教育部哲学社会科学研究重大课题攻关项目"推动智库建设健康发展研究"(项目编号:17JZD009)研究成果之一。

Research on the Evaluation Framework of Open Source Intelligence from International Think Tanks

Zou Jingya, Yu Liang, Li Gang   

  1. School of Information Management, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023
  • Received:2020-12-21 Revised:2021-01-19 Online:2021-01-05 Published:2021-01-05

摘要: [目的/意义] 评价是开源情报工作的基础,国际智库作为开源情报的重要来源却尚未得到重视,理论研究落后于实践需求,建立智库领域的开源情报评价研究,旨在对智库领域的开源情报研究做出相关理论补充,为智库领域开源情报实践提供参考。[方法/过程] 聚焦于情报收集视角,利用演绎法论证开源性是国际智库作为开源情报来源的重要前提,在此基础上结合国际智库自身特点,归纳出国际智库开源情报具有专业性、政策性、预警性、证据性和数据价值性等主要特征,为开源情报评价提供理论依据,并借鉴北约系统的评价方法建立对国际智库开源情报的评价框架。[结果/结论] 在国际智库开源情报评价框架中,情报人员和专业领域人员需要建立合作,共同作为评价主体。同时,评价对象需同时兼顾对情报源评价和情报内容评价,其中对情报源评价重点关注智库的专业性、独立性和公信力,对情报内容评价的重点包含8个要素:真实性、完整性、时效性、预测性、实践性、反情报性、可理解性和可回溯性。

关键词: 国际智库, 开源情报, 情报源, 情报评价, 布鲁金斯学会, 智库传播

Abstract: [Purpose/significance] The evaluation of the value of intelligence is the foundation of open source intelligence work. International think tanks have not received attention or been considered as an important source of open source intelligence, and theoretical research lags behind practical requirements. Research on evaluation of open source intelligence from think tanks aims to make relevant theoretical supplements to open source intelligence research of think tanks and provide references for open source intelligence practices in the field of think tanks. [Method/process] Focusing on the perspective of intelligence collection, this paper used deductive methods to demonstrate that open source is an important prerequisite for international think tanks as a source of open source intelligence. On this basis, combined with the characteristics of international think tanks, this paper also concluded that the open source intelligence of international think tanks has affordances of professionalism, policy-oriented, early warning, evidence-based and data value, which provides theoretical basis for open source intelligence evaluation. And under the guidance of the evaluation methods of Admiralty Code, the paper built an open source intelligence evaluation framework of international think tanks. [Result/conclusion] In the open source intelligence evaluation framework of international think tanks, intelligence personnel and professionals in the field need to establish cooperation and jointly act as evaluators. At the same time, evaluation objects conclude both the evaluation of intelligence sources and the evaluation of intelligence content. The evaluation of intelligence sources should focus on the professionalism, independence and credibility of think tanks; and the evaluation of intelligence content should consider 8 key elements including authenticity, integrity, timeliness, predictability, practicality, counterintelligence, understandability, and traceability.

Key words: international think tanks, open source intelligence, intelligence source, intelligence evaluation, Brookings, think-tank communication

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