图书情报工作 ›› 2021, Vol. 65 ›› Issue (1): 140-149.DOI: 10.13266/j.issn.0252-3116.2021.01.019

• 图书情报与档案管理前沿热点专辑 • 上一篇    下一篇

国际开放科学研究进展

黄如花, 赵洋, 黄雨婷   

  1. 武汉大学信息管理学院 武汉 430072
  • 收稿日期:2020-04-30 修回日期:2020-09-18 出版日期:2021-01-05 发布日期:2021-01-05
  • 通讯作者: 赵洋(ORCID:0000-0003-1705-1069),博士研究生,通讯作者,E-mail:zhaoyang_whu@163.com
  • 作者简介:黄如花(ORCID:0000-0003-4250-1914),教授,博士生导师,博士;黄雨婷(ORCID:0000-0003-2444-4856),博士研究生。

Research Progress in the International Research of Open Science

Huang Ruhua, Zhao Yang, Huang Yuting   

  1. School of Information Management, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072
  • Received:2020-04-30 Revised:2020-09-18 Online:2021-01-05 Published:2021-01-05

摘要: [目的/意义] 开放科学可以使科学研究更具协作性、透明性和高效性,已引起全世界的广泛关注。从国际视角梳理和分析开放科学当前研究主题有利于推动该领域发展,为后续研究提供参考和借鉴。[方法/过程] 运用文献调查与信息可视化相结合的方法,选取Web of Science平台收录的关于开放科学研究的论文,并结合相关政府文件、研究报告、新闻报道等文献,揭示国际开放科学研究的主题分布。[结果/结论] 国际开放科学的研究主题包括:开放获取研究、数据共享研究、成果重用研究、知识创新研究、基础设施建设研究。未来建议从政策体系、基础设施、主体参与3个方面进行系统、深入研究。

关键词: 开放科学, 开放数据, 开放获取, 数据共享

Abstract: [Purpose/significance] Open science can make scientific research more collaborative, transparent and efficient, which has attracted widespread attention worldwide. Sorting out and analyzing the current research themes of open science from an international perspective is conducive to promoting the development of this field and providing reference and experience for subsequent research. [Method/process] Using a mixed method which combine literature survey and information visualization, this paper analyzed articles on open science included in the Web of Science platform, combined with relevant policies, research reports, news and other literature. The theme distribution of international research on open science was analyzed. [Result/conclusion] The research topics of open science include: open access, data sharing, research reuse, knowledge innovation, and infrastructure construction. In the future, it is recommended to conduct a systematic and in-depth study from three aspects of policy system, infrastructure and subject participation.

Key words: open science, open data, open access, data sharing

中图分类号: