图书情报工作 ›› 2021, Vol. 65 ›› Issue (6): 23-31.DOI: 10.13266/j.issn.0252-3116.2021.06.003

• 专题:政府开放数据用户利用行为研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

英美新三国政府开放数据用户参与的经验与启示

代佳欣   

  1. 西南交通大学公共管理与政法学院 成都 610031
  • 收稿日期:2020-10-12 修回日期:2021-01-14 出版日期:2021-03-20 发布日期:2021-04-22
  • 作者简介:代佳欣(ORCID:0000-0001-6822-1991),助理研究员,博士,硕士生导师,E-mail:daixiaoyuzi@163.com。
  • 基金资助:
    本文系国家社会科学基金青年项目"农民工基本公共服务可及性的实现机制研究"(项目编号:20CZZ025)和教育部人文社会科学研究规划项目"农民工基本医疗卫生服务可及性的影响因素与改进机制研究"(项目编号:19YJC810002)研究成果之一。

Experience and Enlightenment of Open Government Data Users Participation in UK, US and Singapore

Dai Jiaxin   

  1. School of Public Affairs&Law, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu 610031
  • Received:2020-10-12 Revised:2021-01-14 Online:2021-03-20 Published:2021-04-22

摘要: [目的/意义] 针对英美新三国政府开放数据用户参与案例的研究,探索政府开放数据用户参与的国际经验与中国路径。[方法/过程] 基于第三份《开放数据晴雨表》的统计数据,利用政策文本分析法和案例研究法,系统梳理英美新政府开放数据用户参与的价值定位、主体权责和实现机制,破解为什么参与、谁参与和怎样参与等政府开放数据用户参与的关键问题。[结果/结论] 通过实践案例研究,结果显示英美新三国政府开放数据用户参与形成了供给主导型、平衡控权型和供需适配型等基本模式。我国政府开放数据用户参与的发展,应立足于以助益民生服务和创造数字经济价值为核心的阶段性价值定位,健全用户参与组织架构、明晰参与主体及其权责、完善制度保障体系,构建供需双侧的实现机制。

关键词: 政府开放数据, 用户参与, 多案例比较, 数字治理

Abstract: [Purpose/significance] This paper aims to explore international experience and Chinese path of government open data users participation, by choosing typical cases in UK, US and Singapore. [Method/process] This paper based on the statistical data of the third open data barometer, using the methods of policy text analysis and case study. This paper systematically sorted out the value orientation, main users and responsibilities, implementation mechanism of open government data users participation in the UK, US and Singapore, and further solves key logical links of open government data users participation, such as why, who and how to participate. [Result/conclusion] The results showed that open government data users participation has formed the basic modes of "supply oriented" "balanced control" and "supply-demand adaptation". The development of open government data users participation in China should focus on forming the stage values which are improving public service and creating digital economy incomes. In addition, governments ought to optimize organizational structure, to clarify the participants and their rights and responsibilities, to improve security system, and to construct the participation realization mechanism of both supply and demand sides.

Key words: open government data, users participation, multiple cases study, digital governance

中图分类号: