图书情报工作 ›› 2021, Vol. 65 ›› Issue (6): 12-22.DOI: 10.13266/j.issn.0252-3116.2021.06.002

• 专题:政府开放数据用户利用行为研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

政府数据开放政策三维分析框架构建及实证研究

彭川宇, 刘月   

  1. 西南交通大学公共管理与政法学院 成都 610031
  • 收稿日期:2020-10-15 修回日期:2020-11-30 出版日期:2021-03-20 发布日期:2021-04-22
  • 作者简介:彭川宇(ORCID:0000-0003-4503-9278),副教授,博士,硕士生导师,E-mail:2003pcy@163.com;刘月(ORCID:0000-0003-0665-805X),硕士研究生。
  • 基金资助:
    本文系国家社会科学基金项目"城市引进人才政策评价与优化研究"(项目编号:20BZZ079)和四川省哲学社会科学重点研究基地区域公共管理信息化研究中心资助"智慧城市建设背景下公众对智慧政务感知质量及评价研究"(项目编号:QGXH19-03)研究成果之一。

Construction and Empirical Study of Three Dimensional Analysis Framework of Open Government Data Policy

Peng Chuanyu, Liu Yue   

  1. School of Public Affairs and Law, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu 610031
  • Received:2020-10-15 Revised:2020-11-30 Online:2021-03-20 Published:2021-04-22

摘要: [目的/意义] 大数据时代背景下,政府数据开放共享成为必然趋势。政策作为政府数据开放共享进程中的"助推剂",发挥着至关重要的作用。对我国城市群政府数据开放政策进行研究,分析城市群政府数据开放政策的特点及不足,为城市群政府数据开放政策提供改进建议,促进政策的协同执行。[方法/过程] 从政策工具、政策目标、政策力度3个维度构建分析框架,以23项成渝城市群政府数据开放政策(218条政策细则)为样本,对每个政策进行文本编码,统计描述样本编码结果。[结果/结论] 研究结果表明,成渝城市群政府数据开放政策的结构特征表现为命令型、激励型政策工具使用偏多,能力建设型和系统变化型政策工具使用偏少;政策目标着重于数据层面的政务数据开放共享和大数据应用,对于智慧政府建设目标重视程度不够;政策力度总体与政府数据开放趋势变化较为一致,但有待加强。因此,政府数据开放政策需要全面综合运用4种政策工具,同时协调政策目标的结构,加强政策力度,推动政府数据开放的系统发展。

关键词: 政府数据开放共享, 政策工具, 政策文本分析, 城市群

Abstract: [Purpose/significance] Under the background of big data, the opening and sharing of government data has become an inevitable trend. As a "booster" in the process of open government data, policy plays a vital role. Research on the open government data policy of urban agglomerations in my country, and analyzing the characteristics and shortcomings of the open government data policy of urban agglomerations, can provide suggestions for improvement of the government data open policy of urban agglomerations, and promote the coordinated implementation of policies. [Method/process] The article constructed an analysis framework from the three dimensions of policy tools, policy objectives, and policy intensity. It used 23 Cheng Yu urban agglomeration government data open policies (218 detailed policy rules) as samples, and text-coded each policy. Statistically described the sample coding results. [Result/conclusion] The research results show that the structural characteristics of the open government data policy in Cheng Yu urban agglomeration are that command-type and incentive-type policy tools are used more, capacity-building and system change-type policy tools are less used; the policy objectives focused on the data level, just like opening and sharing of the government data and the application of big data, attention paid to the goal of smart government construction is not enough; the overall policy intensity is more consistent with the changes in open government data trends, but needs to be strengthened. Therefore, the open government data policies need to comprehensively use four policy tools, while coordinating the structure of policy objectives, strengthening policy, and promoting the system development of open government data.

Key words: opening and sharing of government data, policy tools, policy content analysis, urban agglomeration

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