图书情报工作 ›› 2019, Vol. 63 ›› Issue (11): 15-24.DOI: 10.13266/j.issn.0252-3116.2019.11.002

• 理论研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

数字人文背景下图书馆人文数据组织与重构

欧阳剑1, 彭松林2, 李臻2   

  1. 1. 广西民族大学文学院 南宁 530006;
    2. 广西图书馆 南宁 530024
  • 收稿日期:2018-09-21 修回日期:2018-12-17 出版日期:2019-06-05 发布日期:2019-06-05
  • 作者简介:欧阳剑(ORCID:0000-0001-5867-2852),研究馆员,博士,硕士生导师,E-mail:oyjjj@163.com;彭松林(ORCID:0000-0001-6304-1094),副馆长,讲师,硕士;李臻(ORCID:0000-0003-3981-7782),公共数字文化建设中心副主任,副研究馆员,硕士。
  • 基金资助:
    本文系国家社会科学基金项目"图书馆古籍文献的数字人文开发与应用模式研究"(项目编号:17XTQ003)和广西社会科学基金项目"面向数字人文研究的大规模古籍语料可视化分析与挖掘"(项目编号:15DTQOO1)研究成果之一。

Organization and Reconstruction of Library's Humanities Data Under the Background of Digital Humanities

Ou Yangjian1, Peng Songlin2, Li Zhen2   

  1. 1. Guangxi University for Nationalities, Nanning 530006;
    2. Guangxi Library, Nanning 530024
  • Received:2018-09-21 Revised:2018-12-17 Online:2019-06-05 Published:2019-06-05

摘要: [目的/意义]数据是数字人文研究的基础和核心之一,图书馆人文数据组织与重构不但能提高数字资源的利用率,而且能拓展图书馆人文数据服务,可极大地促进数字人文科学的发展,也是图书馆知识型专业服务的具体体现,有利于提供更高层次领域的服务。[方法/过程]分析数字人文研究中的人文数据特点及人文学者研究对人文数据的需求,认为图书馆需从人文数据的完整性、可计算性、可用性及重用性、可发现以及获得性等角度出发进行人文数据组织与重构。[结果/结论]要克服人文数据碎片化带来的零散、不系统的弊病,必须采用数据复原与重构的方式恢复或重建人文数据所蕴含的知识之间的联系,采用数据化、数据融合、数据关联及发布等手段,最终实现知识单元的精细粒度化、知识组织的语义化、知识呈现的可视化。

关键词: 数字图书馆, 数字人文, 人文数据, 数据组织, 知识重构

Abstract: [Purpose/significance] Data is one of the foundation and core of digital humanities research. The organization and reconstruction of humanities data in library can not only improve the utilization of digital resources, but also expand the library humanities data services, which can greatly promote the development of digital humanities science. It is also a concrete manifestation of library knowledge-based professional services, which is conducive to providing services in higher level areas.[Method/process] This paper analyzes the characteristics of humanities data in digital humanities research and the demand for humanities data by humanities researchers, and considers that the library should be based on the integrity, calculation, usability and reusability of humanities data to organize and reconstruct humanistic data of library.[Result/conclusion] To overcome the fragmented and unsystematic ills caused by the fragmentation of humanities data, it is necessary to use the link between the knowledge of restoring or rebuilding the humanities data, using the means of data, data fusion, data association and publication, and finally realizing the fine granularity of knowledge unit, the semantic of knowledge organization and the visualization of knowledge presentation.

Key words: digital library, digital humanities, humanities data, data organization, knowledge reconstruction

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