图书情报工作 ›› 2019, Vol. 63 ›› Issue (13): 145-151.DOI: 10.13266/j.issn.0252-3116.2019.13.016

• 海外观察 • 上一篇    下一篇

美国民俗生活中心口述文献的采集与利用

张义1, 张渝珩2   

  1. 1. 重庆工商大学图书馆 重庆 400067;
    2. 重庆邮电大学 重庆 400065
  • 收稿日期:2018-09-26 修回日期:2018-12-22 出版日期:2019-07-05 发布日期:2019-07-05
  • 作者简介:张义(ORCID:0000-0003-4606-2074),副教授,硕士,E-mail:815534782@qq.com;张渝珩(ORCID:0000-0003-2490-3354),硕士研究生。

Collection and Utilization of Oral Literature in the American Folklife Center

Zhang Yi1, Zhang Yuheng2   

  1. 1. Library of Chongqing Technology and Business University, Chongqing 400067;
    2. Chongqing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Chongqing 400065
  • Received:2018-09-26 Revised:2018-12-22 Online:2019-07-05 Published:2019-07-05

摘要: [目的/意义]推动我国图书馆的口述文献采集工作,提升我国图书馆口述文献利用服务水平。[方法/过程]通过网络、文献、邮件等方式,对美国国会图书馆下属的美国民俗生活中心进行全面调研,对其开展的退伍军人历史、职业民俗、民权口述历史调查和洛马克斯家族等典型项目进行介绍总结,在此基础上分析该中心开展口述文献采集与利用的经验。[结果/结论]分析结果认为,该中心积极利用数字技术与平台、探索多元化采集模式、加强与社会组织合作、设立各种基金与倡导捐款、尊重参与者合法权益等做法和经验,对我国图书馆界具有一定的借鉴意义。

关键词: 美国国会图书馆, 美国民俗生活中心, 口述历史, 口述文献

Abstract: [Purpose/significance] The paper aims to promote the collection of oral literature and improve the service level of oral literature utilization in Chinese libraries.[Method/process] By means of Internet, literature, mail and other research methods, this paper conducts a comprehensive survey of the American Folklife Center under the Library of Congress, introduces and summarizes the typical projects of Veteran History, Professional Folklife, Civil Rights Oral History Survey and The Lomax Family, and on this basis, analyses the collection and utilization of oral literature carried out by the center.[Result/conclusion] The analysis results show that the practice and experience of the center in actively utilizing digital technology and platforms, exploring diversified collection modes, strengthening cooperation with social organizations, establishing various funds and advocating donations, respecting the legitimate rights and interests of participants are of certain reference significance to the library in China.

Key words: Library of Congress, American Folklife Center, oral history, oral literature

中图分类号: