图书情报工作 ›› 2019, Vol. 63 ›› Issue (21): 5-15.DOI: 10.13266/j.issn.0252-3116.2019.21.001

• 理论研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

我国网络内容政策法规的文本分析

黄先蓉1,2, 程梦瑶2   

  1. 1. 武汉大学出版发行研究所 武汉 430072;
    2. 武汉大学信息管理学院 武汉 430072
  • 收稿日期:2019-01-11 修回日期:2019-04-23 出版日期:2019-11-05 发布日期:2019-11-05
  • 通讯作者: 程梦瑶(ORCID:0000-0003-2223-6850),博士研究生,通讯作者,E-mail:mengyaocheng@whu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:黄先蓉(ORCID:0000-0002-4103-6160),教授,博士生导师。
  • 基金资助:
    本文系武汉大学自主科研项目(人文社会科学)"中国特色网络内容治理体系及监管模式研究"研究成果之一。

A Content Analysis of the Internet Content Policies and Regulations in China

Huang Xianrong1,2, Cheng Mengyao2   

  1. 1. Publishing and Distribution Research Institute, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072;
    2. School of Information Management, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072
  • Received:2019-01-11 Revised:2019-04-23 Online:2019-11-05 Published:2019-11-05

摘要: [目的/意义]描述并分析我国网络内容政策法规的基本信息和文本内容,了解其存在的问题和不足,与主要发达国家网络内容政策法规予以对比,给出相应解决办法,为我国网络内容治理提供法制保障。[方法/过程]在政府门户网站和政策法规专业数据库中搜索网络内容政策法规,经筛选,共得到有效样本202个。将所得数据导入Nvivo11,采用内容分析法从颁布时间、颁布主体、颁布形式三个角度对我国网络内容政策法规文本的基本信息予以探索,并从网络内容主体和网络内容客体两个维度对政策法规文本内容展开分析。同时,对政策法规颁布主体进行共词分析,采用社交网络分析法利用VOSviewer软件绘制政策法规颁布主体合作网络图。[结果/结论]研究发现我国网络内容政策法规存在颁布主体多元、立法层级低和政策法规内容科学性有待提升等问题,通过与主要发达国家网络内容政策法规的对比分析,建议从改革管理体制、加快重点领域立法、完善网络服务提供者相关规定、明确违法内容判定标准四个角度予以完善。

关键词: 网络内容, 政策法规, 内容分析

Abstract: [Purpose/significance] This paper aims to describe and analyze the basic information and text content of the Internet content policies and regulations at the national level, find the existing problems, compare them with those in the foreign countries and put forward the solutions, so as to provide legal protection for China's internet content governance.[Method/process] 202 documents were collected from the websites of relative governments and the database of polices and regulations. Based on the content analysis method, we put the 202 documents into Nvivo11. On one hand, the basic information of the documents was analyzed from the aspects of the year of policy and regulation issuance, the issuing government agency and the form of policy and regulation issuance. One the other hand, the content of the documents was analyzed from the perspectives of Internet content subjects and internet content objects. In the meanwhile, a co-word analysis was conducted. Based on the social network analysis method, the cooperative network diagram of the issuing government agencies was drawn through VOSviewer.[Result/conclusion] The study finds that there are still some problems for China's Internet content policies and regulations. Firstly, the legislative subjects are diverse. Secondly, the legislation level is low. Thirdly, the quality of the policies and regulations is yet to be improved. To solve these problems, efforts should be taken to reform the management system, speed up the promulgation of the policies and regulations of the key areas, improve the policies and regulations related to the ISPS, and clarify the standard of the illegal content.

Key words: Internet content, policies and regulations, content analysis

中图分类号: