图书情报工作 ›› 2019, Vol. 63 ›› Issue (15): 127-139.DOI: 10.13266/j.issn.0252-3116.2019.15.015

• 综述述评 • 上一篇    下一篇

国际科研合作对科研绩效的影响研究综述

陈秀娟1,2, 张志强1,2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院成都文献情报中心 成都 610041;
    2. 中国科学院大学经济与管理学院图书情报与档案管理系 北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2018-09-24 修回日期:2018-12-14 出版日期:2019-08-05 发布日期:2019-08-05
  • 通讯作者: 张志强(ORCID:0000-0001-7323-501X),主任,研究员,博士生导师,通讯作者,E-mail:zhangzq@clas.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:陈秀娟(ORCID:0000-0002-8063-7647),博士研究生。
  • 基金资助:
    本文系国家社会科学基金重点项目"面向领域知识发现的学科信息学理论与应用研究"(项目编号:17ATQ008)研究成果之一。

A Review of the Impact of International Collaboration on Research Performance

Chen Xiujuan1,2, Zhang Zhiqiang1,2   

  1. 1. Chengdu Library and Information Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu 610041;
    2. Department of Library Information and Archives Management, School of economics and management, University of Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing 100049
  • Received:2018-09-24 Revised:2018-12-14 Online:2019-08-05 Published:2019-08-05

摘要: [目的/意义]科研合作是不同科研主体之间围绕特定科学问题开展研究的协同研究工作,以实现科研主体间的优势互补。国际科研合作对促进科研绩效具有重要意义。了解当前国际科研合作对科研绩效影响研究的现状,为未来进一步开展该方面的研究提供参考和借鉴。[方法/过程]论文在界定国际科研合作、科研绩效两个重要概念的基础上,从研究层次、分析指标、分析方法3个维度对国际科研合作对科研绩效影响研究的论文进行梳理。[结果/结论]分析发现,目前该研究领域成果丰富,国内外学者主要从宏观(国家、地区或区域等)、中观(领域或机构、团队等)、微观(科研人员个体)3个层面,通过简单计数类和单一比值类国际科研合作指标以及科研产出数量类、科研产出质量类和h指标类科研绩效指标,采用文献计量学方法、社会网络分析方法及统计学分析的方法对国际科研合作对科研绩效的影响进行探析。未来需加强:科学家层面的研究,拓宽更多科研合作行为的分析;表征科研合作和科研绩效综合类指标的探索;针对性分析模型的创建,并对一些具有重要意义的变量进行控制。

关键词: 国际科研合作, 科研绩效, 科研生产力, 产出数量, 产出质量

Abstract: [Purpose/significance] Research collaboration is a collaborative research work between different scientific research subjects on specific scientific issues to achieve complementary advantages. International research collaboration is of great significance to promote research performance. Understanding the current research status of the impact of international collaboration on research performance will provide a reference for the future research.[Method/process] This paper analyzes the literature about the impact of international collaboration on research performance from research sample, analysis indicators and analysis method based on the definition of international collaboration and research performance.[Result/conclusion] The analysis results show that the research field is rich in results at present. Domestic and international scholars are mainly from the macro (country or regional, etc.), meso (fields or institutions, teams, etc.) and micro (individuals) -3 levels, using bibliometric, social network analysis and statistical analysis to study on the impact of international collaboration on research performance,with the help of rich international collaboration indicators (simple count indicators and single ratio indictors) and research performance indicators (quantity indicators, quality indictors and indictors like h-index). The research needs to be strengthened including studying at the level of scientists and broadening the analysis based on more research collaboration behaviors; exploring comprehensive indicators of research collaboration and research performance; creating targeted analysis models and controlling some important variables.

Key words: international research collaboration, research performance, research productivity, output quantity, output quality

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