图书情报工作 ›› 2016, Vol. 60 ›› Issue (9): 18-27.DOI: 10.13266/j.issn.0252-3116.2016.09.003

• 专题:高校图书馆战略规划 • 上一篇    下一篇

国外主要国家图书馆的管理决策与实施研究

赵益民   

  1. 云南师范大学图书馆 昆明 650550
  • 收稿日期:2016-03-14 修回日期:2016-04-09 出版日期:2016-05-05 发布日期:2016-05-05
  • 作者简介:赵益民(ORCID:0000-0001-9867-9370),研究馆员,博士,硕士生导师,E-mail:zymkm@sina.com。
  • 基金资助:

    本文系国家社会科学基金西部项目"我国面向西南开放的图书馆联盟战略研究"(项目编号:12XTQ001)研究成果之一。

Research on Management Decisions and Implementation of Major National Libraries in Foreign Countries

Zhao Yimin   

  1. Yunnan Normal University Library, Kunming 650550
  • Received:2016-03-14 Revised:2016-04-09 Online:2016-05-05 Published:2016-05-05

摘要:

[目的/意义]国外主要国家图书馆在管理决策与实施方面积累了很多成功的经验,值得我国借鉴,可以促进我国图书馆提高管理决策的科学性和实施的高效性。[方法/过程]梳理各国的相关法律、规程、战略规划、年度报告和资料汇编中关于管理决策系统、实施保障、监督模式等方面的内容,提炼支撑决策与实施的组织建制、人员配置、监督审计等制度设计方案。[结果/结论]国外主要国家图书馆的管理决策与实施都采用决策权、执行权和监督权相分离的运作模式。以馆长为首的管理层负责提出决策建议并执行审议通过的决策,以理事会为代表的决策层负责审议、批准决策方案,专设的监督机构负责监督管理的实施,并向主管部门提交评估和审计报告。我国应完善法律保障体系,在法人治理结构的改革试点中借鉴分权治理的制度设计,对管理流程进行调整优化,并尝试灵活多样的机构设置。

关键词: 图书馆管理, 管理决策, 管理实施, 管理监督, 国家图书馆

Abstract:

[Purpose/significance] A lot of successful experience of management decisions and implementation has been accumulated by major national libraries in foreign countries, which is worthy of our reference. It can make management decisions more scientific and implementation more efficient in China's libraries. [Method/process] This paper analyzed the relevant laws, regulations, strategic planning, annual reports and compilations about the management decision system, the implementing safeguards, the supervision mode. The design scheme of the organizational system, personnel allocation, supervision and audit was abstracted in this paper. [Result/conclusion] The operation mode of the decision-making power, the executive power and the supervision power has been adopted in the management decision and implementation of major national libraries in foreign countries. The management level headed by directors is responsible for making recommendations for making and implementing the decisions that are considered and adopted. Decision-makers represented by the council are responsible for the consideration and approval of the decision-making scheme. Special supervision institutions are responsible for supervising the implementation of management and submitting the assessment and audit report to the administration departments. In China, we should strengthen the legal safeguard system, learn from the system design of power separation in the reform of the corporate governance structure, adjust the management process, and try to set up a flexible and diverse organization.

Key words: library management, management decision, management implementation, management supervision, national library

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