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2024 Volume 68 Issue 9  Published: 05 May 2024
  
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    THEORETICAL STUDY
  • THEORETICAL STUDY
    Yang Jun, Tan Fenglong, Chen Jing
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    [Purpose/Significance] The development of libraries in the digital era must keep pace with advancements in new technologies. Understanding how to integrate generative artificial intelligence technology represents a crucial direction for the future.[Method/Process] This paper examined the use of ChatGPT and similar generative artificial intelligence technologies in libraries in the United States. It analyzed their characteristic performances, deconstructed their underlying mechanisms, and proposed a development path for future generative AI-driven libraries, termed "LibGPT."[Result/Conclusion] The study reveals that generative AI-driven libraries are distinguished by their interactive and intelligent service scenarios, the quantification and integration of library resources, and the automation and expansion of library management. The core of this approach lies in the essence of intelligent technology, comprehensive role positioning, and a chained working mechanism. Based on these findings, it proposes that the future generative AI-driven "LibGPT" should be developed across three dimensions:the primary development body, the content, and the boundaries.
  • THEORETICAL STUDY
    Xie Haoying, Wei Wenkai
    [Purpose/Significance] The library develops from Web1.0 to Web3.0, and the relationship between technology and library changes from addition to integration, and forms a two-way cooperation development. This paper disassembles the innovative thinking and logic of metaverse technology, and takes embodied reading as the starting point to study the construction and innovation of metaverse library.[Method/Process] Starting from clarifying the logical common points of the metaverse and the library, this paper verified the existence rationality of by analyzing the multiple attributes of the metaverse library, such as the whole, the relationship, the subject, the self-regulation and the transformation. From the embodied reading behavior, it analyzed the multiple relations of the metaverse library, such as tracing and cognition, connection and disconnection, immersion and disconnection, public and private domain, reproduction and vacuum.[Result/Conclusion] This paper analyzes the ritual, fusion and social characteristics of reading cognitive behavior in metaverse library from the perspective of embodied cognition, and explores the functions of metaverse library in reading cognition from multiple constructed cognitive perspectives, reading integration with multi-dimensional presence of the mind, reading socialization that feeds individuals and broadens social scope, reading ceremony of virtual-reality evolution with the multiple values guidance, and reading chain creation and innovation in the multilateral economy with library as the center.
  • THEORETICAL STUDY
    Li Zhe, Tong Boxuan, Yang Xinya
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    [Purpose/Significance] As a genre pondering and revealing the future, the imagination of library in science fiction proves inspiring for real libraries to cope with future changes in information management and knowledge dissemination.[Method/Processes] From sci-fi databases such as "CSFDB" (Chinese Science Fiction Database), the paper retrieved science fiction with related themes or plots, and delved into the new technologies, social services, public space environment, and civilization or cultural values in these works, to find potential strategies for future library construction.[Result/Conclusion] The study concludes that the imagination of library in recent science fiction mainly focuses on technological revolution and media innovation, public space and social services, information integration and knowledge dissemination, cultural heritage and civilization preservation. Future library may creatively draw on and transform the above literary speculations, and focus on the innovation and progress of relevant fields.
  • SERVICE RESEARCH
  • SERVICE RESEARCH
    Zeng Yueliang, Lü Xiaolong
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    [Purpose/Significance] With the digital transformation of society, digital divide and digital exclusion have become increasingly prominent. A systematic exploration of the role and international practices of public libraries in digital inclusion can provide basis and reference for their importance and practical optimization, and more effectively support digital vulnerable groups and ensure digital equality.[Method/Process] With literature research and website surveys, this study focused on 18 public library digital inclusion innovation awards from the EIFL and 56 public library digital inclusion practice projects funded by IMLS. It summarized the international practices from three aspects:project content, target audiences, and joint action modes.[Result/Conclusion] Public library is the provider of community digital resources, the guarantor of digital connectivity, and the cultivator of digital literacy. The digital inclusion project includes ensuring fair access to digital resources, enhancing equal opportunities for digital capabilities, and enhancing joint participation in the construction of digital society. It focuses on the digital needs of groups such as the disabled, young people and children, the elderly, women and peasants, and forms linkage modes such as vertical model led by a single library, horizontal model of diversified assistance, and network model of public participation. On this basis, it proposes to expand the implementation path of digital inclusion in public libraries from four dimensions:digital trust, digital equity, digital resilience, and digital governance, in order to enhance the inclusiveness of digital society.
  • SERVICE RESEARCH
    Liang Ruonan, Tang Chengxiu
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    [Purpose/Significance] In order to deepen the curriculum reform in higher education and realize the goal of morality establishment and talent cultivation, it is necessary to analyze the curriculum learning.[Method/Process] Based on the National Survey of Student Engagement tool(NSSE-China) introduced by Tsinghua University and the ACRL Framework for Information Literacy for higher education, this study constructed a learning analysis model for information literacy courses. Through factor analysis, it set up the final model with 5 dimensions including learning input, classroom participation, psychological profile, cognition, competence.[Result/Conclusion] The paper makes an investigation and analysis on some financial college students who offer information literacy courses to provide a reference for teaching reform and curriculum improvement.
  • SERVICE RESEARCH
    Wu Lizhi, Hong Xing
    [Purpose/Significance] By comparing the reading effect and cognitive load in audio reading, digital reading and paper reading, this paper aims to provide a scientific support for the selection of reading methods in different scenarios and the construction of reading resources.[Method/Process] Through a controlled experiment, it selected two different types of reading materials. According to the PISA reading comprehension assessment framework, it designed a questionnaire to test reading effect, and used NASA-TLX scale to measure the cognitive load. Then, it took the quantitative and qualitative analysis of the experimental results through descriptive statistics and mixed model of variance.[Result/Conclusion] Audio reading is not significantly different from digital reading and paper reading in simple memory reading effect, but it is not as good as the two in deep level. The physical load and frustration load of audio reading are significantly higher than that of paper reading, and its effort load is significantly higher than that of digital reading. According to these, it proposes the applicable scenarios of different reading styles.
  • INFORMATION RESEARCH
  • INFORMATION RESEARCH
    Chen Wenjie, Qu Jiansheng, Huang Kemin
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    [Purpose/Significance] Identifying and analyzing the core technology in a specific technical field can provide a comprehensive understanding of the research status and development in that field, and give suggestions for the cutting-edge technology research and acquisition.[Method/Process] It introduced a hypernetwork structure to characterize the multiple co-occurrence relationships between entities, automatically generated technology node vectors that integrate structural and attribute features with hypernetwork embedding, and obtained technology clusters through fuzzy clustering. It constructed some measures such as local neutrality, semi local centrality, and global centrality based on the hypernetwork structure to identify the core technology nodes in each technology cluster.[Result/Conclusion] Taking the field of carbon capture, utilization, and storage technology as an example, it verifies the effectiveness and scientificity of the method proposed in this article. The results show that chemical absorption, membrane separation, solid adsorption, and low-temperature separation are the core technologies in this field, which help allocate resources reasonably and improve the research of core technologies to gain competitive advantages in China.
  • INFORMATION RESEARCH
    Yao Zhanlei, Fan Yaxin, Xu Xin
    [Purpose/Significance] The technology industrialization in different stage requires different allocation of social resources. Intelligent identification of the stage is a prerequisite for the precise implementation of policies, which can help relevant departments to promptly allocate resources from all aspects of society. Through scientific planning, continuous improvement, and other measures, it can accelerate the process of technological industrialization.[Method/Process] Firstly, based on open data on the internet, this paper established the interactive path between technology and society in the process of technology industrialization. Secondly, it constructed an event-driven intelligent identification of the stage based on this characterization. Finally, taking the monocrystalline silicon technology industrialization in photovoltaic industry as an example, it verified the reliability of the method, and revealed the typical characteristics, to guide the effective social resource allocations.[Result/Conclusion] Experimental results show that the established intelligent identification can change the previous post-evaluation practice of identification activities, sensitively capture the implementation opportunity of different technology industrialization strategies, scientifically allocate social resources, and accelerate the process of technology industrialization.
  • INFORMATION RESEARCH
    Xu Weijie, Li Changling, Wang Hao, Rong Guoyang, Fan Qingqing, Gao Feng
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    [Purpose/Significance] In the development of the discipline system, academic system, and discourse system of philosophy and social sciences with Chinese characteristics, it is of great significance to explore the main knowledge source of the target discipline to promote the cross-fertilization of that with other disciplines and to accelerate its improvement of the knowledge and theory system.[Method/Process] The flow of knowledge in interdisciplinary citation networks is analogous to the flow of an ideal liquid, that is, the potential energy flows from high to low, which can promote an increase of the potential energy in low-potential disciplines. This study invoked the gravitational potential energy theorem in physics to construct the disciplinary potential energy model from two aspects, citation quality index and disciplinary status height index. Taking library and information science as an example, this study calculated the disciplinary potential energy and the potential energy difference after citing interdisciplinary literature in the two periods of 2012-2016 and 2017-2021. Based on the magnitude of disciplinary potential energy and potential energy difference, this study identified the main knowledge source of library and information science and explored the trends in the extent of their knowledge output in it.[Result/Conclusion] The empirical study finds that the disciplines in management science and engineering, and the computer science and technology have been the main knowledge source for library and information science. There is a growing trend in the knowledge input of the disciplines, such as journalism and communication, education, applied and theoretical economics. The disciplines in the natural sciences have relatively little knowledge contribution to library and information science.
  • INFORMATION RESEARCH
    Liu Yutong, Wang Xiwei, Wang Nanaxue, WUJI Siguleng
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    [Purpose/Significance] In view of the numerous algorithmic negative problems caused by social media recommendation, it is necessary to study the algorithmic resistance behaviors of social media users under major public health emergencies for the emergency management and public opinion governance in China.[Method/Process] This paper constructed an influence mechanism model of algorithmic resistance behavior in social media information dissemination under major public health emergencies based on the Fogg behavioral model (FBM model) and the risk information seeking and processing model (RISP model), and empirically examined it by questionnaires and structural equation methods.[Result/Conclusion] The perceived risk variable in the trigger dimension positively affects negative emotional responses. The information insufficiency variable in the motivation dimension positively affects algorithmic resistance behavior. Algorithmic function perception in the capability dimension affects algorithmic resistance behavior through information insufficiency, and algorithmic FEAT perception directly affects algorithmic resistance behavior. This paper provides a new theoretical perspective and analytical framework for the study of algorithmic resistance behavior in social media information dissemination under major public health emergencies, and provides references for promoting social media algorithmic governance and emergency public opinion management of major public health emergencies.
  • INFORMATION RESEARCH
    Li Zhuozhuo, Xu Yiping
    [Purpose/Significance] Kunqu is an outstanding cultural treasure of China. As an essential carrier of Kunqu, Qupai, which integrates literature, music and history, is also an important resource element. This paper uses various digital tools and informatics methods to study the elements of Kunqu in order to reveal the inheritance of Chinese cultural genes.[Method/Process] Based on the theory and practice of digital humanities, it digitized the Kunqu opera scripts, Lin Chuan Four Dreams, excavated the distribution rules of the Qupai, and explored the objective characteristics. Firstly, it took data collection to find suitable resource sources for analysis, then verified Bradford's Law for specific Qupai samples selection, and finally visualized structured resources to realize an exploratory study of the knowledge units of Kunqu.[Result/Conclusion] Qupai of Kunqu opera follows Bradford's Law. It selects 41 Qupai in the core area and classifies them into four categories according to the visualized Word Form, namely, basic consistency, seeking common ground while reserving differences, combining primary and secondary, and blossoming of a hundred flowers. It discovers the variability of the use of Qupai Word Form by the same authors, and provides a new way of thinking for the protection and inheritance and development of the Kunqu opera.
  • KNOWLEDGE ORGANIZATION
  • KNOWLEDGE ORGANIZATION
    Cheng Xiufeng, Cao Qi, Jiang Kaichen, Zhou Mengdie
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    [Purpose/Significance] By mining the technical elements in smart libraries and revealing the structural relationships, it draws a knowledge graph about them, and provides technical support for smart library construction.[Method/Process] The article took the relevant literatures on smart library as the data source. Firstly, based on the pipelining method, it adopted the deep learning models, BERT-BiLSTM-CRF and RBERT, to identify the technical entities and related relationships. And then it carried out knowledge fusion and extension for the technical knowledge. Finally, it drew the knowledge graph of technical elements in the smart libraries construction.[Result/Conclusion] The knowledge graph can effectively present the related technics and their relationships in the process of smart library construction, reveal the current status and development trend of that technics, and thus help the library's intelligent transformation during the "14th Five-Year Plan" period.
  • FOCUS OVERSEAS
  • FOCUS OVERSEAS
    Su Zhifang, Zhou Fen, Tang Rui
    [Purpose/Significance] In the digital intelligence era, exploring the digital scholarship and data services will help clarify the path of innovating the academic service paradigm in Chinese university libraries, and assist in the innovation and development of interdisciplinary academic research.[Method/Process] It investigated the current situation of digital scholarship service platform in 12 foreign universities with network research. According to the results, it took the semi-structured expert interview and thematic analysis to identify the demands for digital intelligence transformation of digital scholarship service platforms in Chinese universities and constructed a demand framework. It proposed some construction strategies for the service platforms in China.[Result/Conclusion] It is necessary to fully consider the characteristics of different stages in the digital scholarship lifecycle during the service platform construction and promote it from top-level planning, infrastructure construction, service function design, and application scenario expansion, to provide references for relevant platform research and practice in China.