图书情报工作 ›› 2017, Vol. 61 ›› Issue (19): 32-40.DOI: 10.13266/j.issn.0252-3116.2017.19.004

• 理论研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

科研用户网络学术信息搜寻行为有限理性实验研究:基于任务情境分析视角

刘冰1, 鲁庆碧2   

  1. 1. 天津师范大学管理学院 天津 300387;
    2. 贵阳中医学院图书馆 贵阳 550025
  • 收稿日期:2017-05-18 修回日期:2017-08-11 出版日期:2017-10-05 发布日期:2017-10-05
  • 作者简介:刘冰(ORCID:0000-0002-7676-0933),教授,博士,E-mail:borther_lb@126.com;鲁庆碧(ORCID:0000-0002-5358-0825),助理馆员,硕士
  • 基金资助:
    本文系国家社会科学基金重点项目"基于用户与情境视域的网络学术信息资源评价研究"(项目编号:14ATQ007)研究成果之一。

Experimental Study on Scientific Research Information Users' Bounded Rational Searching Behavior of Network Academic Information Resources from the Perspective of the Task Situation

Liu Bing1, Lu Qingbi2   

  1. 1. Management School of Tianjin Normal University, Tianjin 300387;
    2. Library of Guiyang University of Chinese Medicine, Guiyang 550025
  • Received:2017-05-18 Revised:2017-08-11 Online:2017-10-05 Published:2017-10-05

摘要: [目的/意义]网络学术信息资源在科研工作者科学研究过程中发挥着越来越重要的作用。通过对不同任务情境下科研用户网络信息搜寻过程中认知理性和行为特征、学术信息的评判标准和影响因素的研究,为科研用户信息行为的深入研究奠定基础。[方法/过程]运用发声思维研究方法,从不同任务情境视角对科研用户信息搜寻过程中网络学术信息评判与影响因素进行对比分析,在此基础上,讨论与分析科研用户网络学术信息搜寻行为理性与其根源。[结果/结论]在不同任务情境下科研用户网络学术信息资源的选择与评判是多侧面维度、多方面因素综合作用的结果,存在共性与差异;任务情境是科研用户心智模式塑造和网络学术信息意义建构过程中的关键条件变量;网络环境中的科研用户网络学术信息搜寻行为与搜寻过程是有限理性的,任务情境是有限理性行为的关键驱动因素。

关键词: 信息搜寻行为, 网络学术信息资源, 行为理性, 任务情境, 科研用户

Abstract: [Purpose/significance] In the network environment, network academic information resources play a more important role in scientific research. This study will research scientific researchers' behavior characteristics and rationality, the selection and evaluation of academic information during their network academic information searching process, which will build the foundations for the further research of users' information behavior.[Method/process] The study used a personalized experimental design in different network academic information search task situations. The participants were required to think aloud. Then, the content of the experimental text was extracted and analyzed by the grounded theory method. The study compared and analyzed the judgment standard and influential factors of scientific research information users' network academic information searching process from different tasks by the content analysis results. It also discussed and analyzed academic information searching behavior's rationality and its root.[Result/conclusion] It is found that:the selection and evaluation of scientific researchers' network academic information searching are the comprehensive result of multi-dimensions and multi-factors, and there are generalities and differences; the task situation is the key condition variable in the process of building the users' mental model and constructing the meaning of the network academic information; in the network environment, the academic users' network information searching behavior and searching process have bounded rationality, and the task situation is the key driving factor of the bounded rational behavior.

Key words: information searching behavior, network academic information resources, behavior rationality, tasks situation, scientific research information user

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