图书情报工作 ›› 2018, Vol. 62 ›› Issue (8): 14-22.DOI: 10.13266/j.issn.0252-3116.2018.08.002

• 理论研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

我国著作权法为图书馆赋权的制度模式选择

张军华   

  1. 华中师范大学图书馆 武汉 430079
  • 收稿日期:2017-10-24 修回日期:2018-01-15 出版日期:2018-04-20 发布日期:2018-04-20
  • 作者简介:张军华(ORCID:0000-0003-2618-6299),副研究馆员,硕士,E-mail:zhangjunhua5476@163.com。

The Legislative Model Selection of Chinses Copyright Law Empower Library

Zhang Junhua   

  1. Library of Central China Normal University, Wuhan 430079
  • Received:2017-10-24 Revised:2018-01-15 Online:2018-04-20 Published:2018-04-20

摘要: [目的/意义] 探讨我国著作权法第三次修订为图书馆发挥职能的需要而对其赋权的立法模式选择。[方法/过程] 首先,对现有研究进行简述,揭示其不足。其次,通过为图书馆特别赋权制度产生与发展的回顾,归纳得出著作权立法的逻辑是:维护公共利益是宗旨,保护私人利益是手段。再次,以美国著作权法案、澳大利亚著作权法和我国香港地区著作权法为例,分析将针对图书馆的特别赋权和原则性赋权予以分设的立法模式及其优点;以法国知识产权法、德国著作权法、我国台湾地区著作权法为例,分析将针对图书馆的特别赋权和原则性赋权予以整合的立法模式及其缺点。最后,分析数字网络环境下图书馆发挥职能的制度需求,国际上最新的图书馆可适用著作权限制制度的立法动态,以及几种著作权限制制度间的逻辑关系和国家的现实需求。[结果/结论] 我国著作权法第三次修订应该对图书馆可适用的著作权限制制度采取特别赋权与原则性赋权分设的立法模式,并提出著作权法图书馆相关条款的具体修改建议。

关键词: 图书馆职能, 制度模式, 特别赋权, 原则性赋权, 三步检验原则, 著作权

Abstract: [Purpose/significance] In order to help libraries to give full play to their functions,this paper discussed the legislative model selection that the third revision of Chinses copyright law empower library.[Method/process] Firstly, this paper briefly introduced the current study and pointed out the shortcomings. Secondly, by reviewing the development of special empowerment system for libraries, it concluded the logic of copyright legislation:protect public interests is the goal,protect private interests is the method. Again,taking the copyright act of the United States, the copyright law of Australia and the copyright law of the Hongkong region of our country as an example, this paper analyzes the legislative pattern and its advantages of the special empowerment and principled empowerment of the library. Taking the French intellectual property law, the German copyright law and the copyright law of the Taiwan region of our country as an example, this paper also analyzes the legislative model and its shortcomings of the integration of the special empowerment and the principled empowerment of the library. Finally, this paper analyzes the system demand of Library's function under the digital network environment, the latest legislative dynamics on Copyright restriction system about the library, and the logical relationship between several copyright restrictions and the real needs of the country.[Result/conclusion] The research shows that the third revision of Chinese copyright law should adopt the legislation pattern that special empowerment and principled empowerment both enabled respectively. Besides, it also provide some suggestions on revision of clause's related to libraries in China's copyright law.

Key words: library functions, system model, special empowerment, principled empowerment, three-step examination principle, copyright

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