图书情报工作 ›› 2018, Vol. 62 ›› Issue (9): 5-13.DOI: 10.13266/j.issn.0252-3116.2018.09.001

• 理论研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

我国政府数据开放共享政策体系构建

黄如花1, 温芳芳1, 黄雯2   

  1. 1. 武汉大学信息管理学院 武汉 430072;
    2. 武汉大学政治与公共管理学院 武汉 430072
  • 收稿日期:2017-10-17 修回日期:2018-02-23 出版日期:2018-05-05 发布日期:2018-05-05
  • 通讯作者: 温芳芳(ORCID:0000-0002-2022-9764),博士研究生,通讯作者,E-mail:wenfangf@126.com
  • 作者简介:黄如花(ORCID:0000-0003-4250-1914),教授,博士生导师;黄雯(ORCID:0000-0003-2911-0425),博士研究生。
  • 基金资助:
    本文系国家社会科学基金重大项目"面向国家大数据战略的政府数据开放共享对策研究"(项目编号: 15ZDC025)研究成果之一。

Policy System Construction of Open Government Data in China

Huang Ruhua1, Wen Fangfang1, Huang Wen2   

  1. 1. School of Information Management, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072;
    2. School of Political Science and Public Administration, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072
  • Received:2017-10-17 Revised:2018-02-23 Online:2018-05-05 Published:2018-05-05

摘要: [目的/意义] 政府数据开放共享已纳入国家大数据战略。本文旨在针对国家大数据战略,提出我国政府数据开放共享的政策体系。[方法/过程] 采用循证政策研究方法,构建我国政府数据开放共享的政策体系。[结果/结论] 我国政府数据开放共享的政策体系分为基础设施层、数据管理层和政府治理层三个层次。基础设施层包括数据及其元数据政策、IT技术政策(包括社交媒体政策)、数据中心政策、数据平台标准指南、具备互操作性的系统政策、数据存储仓库规范等;数据管理层有数据创建与汇集政策、数据处理政策、数据归档与保存政策、数据开放和共享政策、数据获取与利用政策;政府治理层由数据安全政策、数据权益政策、公众参与政策、数据能力政策、组织支持政策、资金投入政策等构成。该体系为政府数据开放共享提供了政策框架,为后续政策的深入研究提供了方向。

关键词: 政府数据, 开放政府数据, 开放数据, 数据共享, 政策体系

Abstract: [Purpose/significance] Open government data has been incorporated into national strategy in China. This paper aims to propose a policy framework for opening and sharing of government data in China. [Method/process] This article adopted the method of evidence-based policy to construct a policy system for the opening and sharing of government data. [Result/conclusion] The policy system of open government data is divided into three levels:infrastructure level, data management level and governance level. The infrastructure level includes data and its metadata policies, IT technology policies (including social media policies), data center policies, data platform standards and guidelines, interoperable system policies, data repositories specifications; Data management level involves data creation and collection policy, data archiving and preservation policy, policy of opening and sharing data, policy of access to data and reuse; Governance policy contains data security, data rights, public participation, data capacity, organization support, financial policy and so on. The system provides a policy framework for the opening and sharing of government data, and points out a direction for further research on follow-up policies.

Key words: government data, open government data, open data, data sharing, policy system

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