图书情报工作 ›› 2018, Vol. 62 ›› Issue (13): 127-138.DOI: 10.13266/j.issn.0252-3116.2018.13.016

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我国“五计学”演化过程及其进展研究

赵蓉英1,2,3, 张心源1,3, 张扬1,3, 魏明坤1,3, 余慧妍1,3   

  1. 1. 武汉大学中国科学评价研究中心 武汉 430072;
    2. 武汉大学信息资源研究中心 武汉 430072;
    3. 武汉大学信息管理学院 武汉 430072
  • 收稿日期:2018-01-17 修回日期:2018-03-31 出版日期:2018-07-05 发布日期:2018-07-05
  • 通讯作者: 张心源(ORCID:0000-0001-6084-6321),博士研究生,通讯作者,E-mail:littlecircleer@163.com
  • 作者简介:赵蓉英(ORCID:0000-0002-4742-9037),主任,教授,博士生导师;张扬(ORCID:0000-0003-0328-2210),博士研究生;魏明坤(ORCID:0000-0001-7689-6294),博士研究生;余慧妍(ORCID:0000-0003-4041-805X),硕士研究生。

Study on Evolution of Five Metrics in China and Its Progress

Zhao Rongying1,2,3, Zhang Xinyuan1,3, Zhang Yang1,3, Wei Mingkun1,3, Yu Huiyan1,3   

  1. 1. Research Center for Chinese Science Evaluation, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072;
    2. Center for Studies of Information Resources, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072;
    3. School of Information Management, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072
  • Received:2018-01-17 Revised:2018-03-31 Online:2018-07-05 Published:2018-07-05

摘要: [目的/意义]文献计量学、科学计量学、信息计量学、网络计量学以及知识计量学并称为"五计学",是情报学研究的重要方向,结合文献主题调研,定量分析我国"五计学"发展现状,梳理我国"五计学"各分支主题演化过程及学科建设进展,以期为我国"五计学"未来发展提供参考。[方法/过程]设计"六维研究框架",分别从科研成果、科研基金、课程教育、人才与机构、科学评价、软件与工具6个维度进行数据调研,进而利用Citespace绘制文献主题演化时序图谱,分析我国"五计学"各分支演化过程与发展现状。[结果/结论]研究结果发现,我国"五计学"影响力显著提升,在发文量、项目支持、课程教育、实践应用等方面均有突出表现;我国"五计学"研究自主创新意识加强,一方面针对本国问题研究、开发了一批中文数据库、中文文献分析工具等,另一方面,由学科建设初期对国外文献的介绍、验证研究转变为对"五计学"理论、方法、工具、应用的创新研究;我国"五计学"研究的学科交叉特征突出,不仅学科发展融合了数学、计算机等学科的方法技术,而且在医学、化学等领域研究前沿预测、核心作者发现等方面得以应用;我国"五计学"研究对象广度增加,包含了文献、科学活动、网络信息、知识资源等计量对象;我国"五计学"研究内容由文献载体向知识单元的细粒度分化。

关键词: "五计学", 六维研究框架, 演化分析, 可视化

Abstract: [Purpose/significance] Bibliometrics, Scientometrics, Informetrics, Webometrics and Knowledgometrics are known as Five Metrics and the important aspect of information science. The analysis of Five Metrics is conducive to the further development of the metric research through literature theme and quantitative analysis. This paper carefully summaries the evolution process and condition of Five Metrics in China in order to provide guidance for further research.[Method/process] This paper designs Six-dimensional framework and conducts research on data from scientific payoffs, scientific research fund, course education, talents and organization, scientific evaluation and software tools. Besides, this paper draws thematic evolution map through Citespace to analyze evolutionary process and development status of each branch of Five Metrics.[Result/conclusion] The conclusions of this paper are:a) Chinese influence in Five Metrics are increasing, and data collection according to six-dimensional framework shows an advancing trend; b) Chinese Five Metrics research are more innovative than before, more attention has been paid to methodology and application, and Chinese database and software have been designed; c) Five Metrics in China shows a characteristic of subject overlapping, including imitation and application of other subjects; d) The objects of Five Metric are gradually enriching; e) The unit of metrics is more fine-grained from bibliography to knowledge.

Key words: Five Metrics, Six-dimensional framework, evolution analysis, visualization

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