图书情报工作 ›› 2018, Vol. 62 ›› Issue (21): 5-14.DOI: 10.13266/j.issn.0252-3116.2018.21.001

• 理论研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

中美英政府数据信息开放共享保障机制比较研究

孙彦明1,2, 赵树宽1, 张福俊3, 李霞3   

  1. 1. 吉林大学管理学院 长春 130022;
    2. 山东科技大学交通学院 青岛 266590;
    3. 山东科技大学图书馆 青岛 266590
  • 收稿日期:2018-06-16 修回日期:2018-08-03 出版日期:2018-11-05 发布日期:2018-11-05
  • 作者简介:孙彦明(ORCID:0000-0003-1484-1777),高级经济师,博士研究生,E-mail:sun3311@126.com;赵树宽(ORCID:0000-0002-8376-6794),院长,教授,博士生导师;张福俊(ORCID:0000-0001-8276-3535),副馆长,副研究馆员;李霞(ORCID:0000-0003-4878-6041),馆员。
  • 基金资助:
    本文系青岛市软科学项目"青岛市科技成果产业化现状及对策"(项目编号:20170520)研究成果之一。

A Comparative Study on the Security Mechanism of Open & Sharing Government Date Information in China, America and Britain

Sun Yanming1,2, Zhao Shukuan1, Zhang Fujun3, Li Xia3   

  1. 1. School of Management, Jilin University, Changchun 130022;
    2. School of Transportation, Shandong University of Science and Technology, Qingdao 266590;
    3. Library of Shandong University of Science and Technology, Qingdao 266590
  • Received:2018-06-16 Revised:2018-08-03 Online:2018-11-05 Published:2018-11-05

摘要: [目的/意义]旨在阐述中美英三国的政府数据信息开放共享主要做法,通过比较分析,提出对于我国政府数据信息开放共享的政策性建议。[方法/过程]利用文献调研法和国际比较法进行研究,从政策法制、组织体系、平台建设、执行和监督反馈4个方面,梳理中美英政府数据开放共享保障机制主要做法,比较分析三国之间的异同点,提出促进政府数据信息开放共享的相关建议。[结果/结论]通过中美英三国比较研究,借鉴美英有益做法,现阶段要加快完善我国政府数据信息开放共享的法规和标准,健全组织体系,构建数据信息开放共享平台,探索有效的运行机制,以挖掘"数据红利",创造更大公共价值,推进新时代"网络强国""数字中国"战略。

关键词: 中国, 美国, 英国, 政府数据信息开放共享, 保障机制

Abstract: [Purpose/significance] This paper aims to expound the main ways of open & sharing government data information(OSGDI)in China, America and Britain. Through comparative analysis, it puts forward policy recommendations for OSGDI in China.[Method/process] By using the methods of literature research and comparative analysis, the paper compares and analyzes the safeguard mechanism of OSGDI in China, America and Britain from four aspects of policy and legal system, organization system, platform construction, and implementation and supervision feedback. Finally, it puts forward related suggestions to promote the level of OSGDI.[Result/conclusion] Through the comparative study of the three countries of China, America and Britain, drawing on the beneficial practice of America and Britain, we should speed up the improvement of the regulations and standards of OSGDI, perfect the organization system, construct the open sharing platform of data and information, and explore the effective operating mechanism, in order to excavate "data red profit", create greater public value, promote new public value, and carry out the strategy of "network power" and "digital China" in the era.

Key words: China, America, Britain, open &, sharing government data information(OSGDI), safeguard mechanism

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