图书情报工作 ›› 2019, Vol. 63 ›› Issue (8): 29-37.DOI: 10.13266/j.issn.0252-3116.2019.08.005

• 理论研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

网络时代图书馆著作权侵权案件的案例分析与法理思考

王果1, 张立彬2   

  1. 1. 天津商业大学法学院, 天津 300134;
    2. 南开大学图书馆, 天津 300071
  • 收稿日期:2018-09-26 修回日期:2018-12-12 出版日期:2019-04-20 发布日期:2019-04-20
  • 作者简介:王果(ORCID:0000-0002-7925-4358),讲师,博士,E-mail:wangguo023@163.com;张立彬(ORCID:0000-0002-2387-1373),研究馆员。
  • 基金资助:
    本文系2016年度国家社会科学基金重点项目"网络时代开放教育资源引进与利用中的知识产权问题研究"(项目编号:16ATQ002)和天津市高等学校人文社会科学研究项目"新技术发展带来的著作权法问题研究"(项目编号:2018SK085)研究成果之一。

Empirical Investigation Legal Thinking of Library Copyright Infringement in Network Era

Wang Guo1, Zhang Libin2   

  1. 1. School of Law, Tianjin University of Commerce, Tianjin 300134;
    2. Nankai University Library, Tianjin 300071
  • Received:2018-09-26 Revised:2018-12-12 Online:2019-04-20 Published:2019-04-20

摘要: [目的/意义]通过分析2000-2018年来图书馆涉及著作权侵权纠纷案件的判决书,了解图书馆所涉著作权侵权案件的现状与特点。[方法/过程]采用案例分析法,在北大法宝上搜索整理246份判决书,从涉嫌侵权的主体、侵犯的权利及作品类型、侵权结果三方面,对图书馆侵犯著作权的案件进行全面统计与分析。[结果/结论]图书馆防范著作权侵权,应从完善著作权立法和改进自身行为两方面入手,具体的立法措施为:适当放宽合理使用的限制条件、允许以合理使用为目的规避技术措施、限制数据商的合同权利;改进图书馆的自身行为,可从建立专门著作权清理部门、从合法来源获取文献、区分内容提供与服务提供、借助团体的力量四方面展开。

关键词: 图书馆, 著作权侵权, 合理使用, 合理注意义务, 网络服务提供者

Abstract: [Purpose/significance] Existing studies of library copyright infringement, mainly focus on the theory. When involving practice, it is only one case study. For this reason, this paper thoroughly analyzed all the judgements from 2000 to 2018 to get to know the current situation and characteristics of library copyright infringements.[Method/process] By the way of case study, this paper compiled 246 judgements from pkulaw.cn to do the analysis in three aspects:subject, infringement of rights, and results.[Result/conclusion] To prevent copyright infringement, the library could reach it through copyright legislation and its own behavior improvement. The specific legislative measures are:expanding ease restrictions on the fair use of appropriate conditions; allowing the library to evade technical measures for the purpose of fair use; limiting data business contract rights. And improving the library's own behavior, could through these ways:setting up specialized department to clear the copyright rights ownership; accessing resources from a legitimate source document; distinguishing between content providers and services providers; increasing bargaining power with the help of groups.

Key words: library, copyright infringement, fair use, reasonable duty of care, Internet service provider

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