图书情报工作 ›› 2019, Vol. 63 ›› Issue (8): 96-106.DOI: 10.13266/j.issn.0252-3116.2019.08.012

• 情报研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

我国涉农信息服务政策核心话语演变分析:以1980年以来中央“一号文件”为例

汪汉清, 樊振佳   

  1. 南开大学商学院信息资源管理系, 天津 300071
  • 收稿日期:2018-08-02 修回日期:2018-11-27 出版日期:2019-04-20 发布日期:2019-04-20
  • 通讯作者: 樊振佳(ORCID:0000-0003-4966-6965),讲师,博士,通讯作者,E-mail:fanzhenjia@nankai.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:汪汉清(ORCID:0000-0001-9507-7323),硕士研究生。
  • 基金资助:
    本文系天津市社科青年项目"‘双创’背景下农村创客信息采纳能力研究"(项目编号:TJTQ16-001Q)和南开大学亚洲研究中心人文社会科学领域基础研究项目"面向精准扶贫脱贫的农村创业信息服务研究"(项目编号:AS1706)研究成果之一。

Core Discourses Evolution of Chinese Agriculture-related Information Service Policies:Based on No.1 Documents since 1980

Wang Hanqing, Fan Zhenjia   

  1. Department of Information Resources Management, Business School, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071
  • Received:2018-08-02 Revised:2018-11-27 Online:2019-04-20 Published:2019-04-20

摘要: [目的/意义]对我国自1980年以来涉农信息服务政策核心话语体系构建及其演变进行研究、对话语形成的社会背景进行剖析、对话语实践进行统计与描述,以期为精准化涉农信息服务研究提供参考。[方法/过程]采用定性分析方法,运用费尔克拉夫话语分析框架,从文本向度、话语实践向度、社会实践向度三3个向度对1980以来我国涉农信息服务政策文本及其核心话语的演变进行分析,以中央一号文件为文本分析对象,对其进行话语提取、编码与归类。[结果/结论]1980年以来我国涉农信息服务可以分为两个阶段:第一阶段为1982-1986年,核心话语集中在有限的主体、对象、内容和较低的服务层次,基层基础设施建设总体发展缓慢;第二阶段为2004年至今,涉农信息服务不局限于传统的农民、农业活动以及农村地域,对象呈现多样化,服务主体规模扩大,两者界限不鲜明,服务内容呈现制度化、规模化、个性化特征,涉农信息服务服务体系逐渐形成。两阶段各有其发展特点与特色,又具有延续性和一致性、延伸性和发展性。

关键词: 信息服务, 政策文本, 话语分析, 中央一号文件

Abstract: [Purpose/significance] This paper tries to study the construction and evolution of the core discourse system of Mainland Chinese agricultural information service policy since 1980, analyze the social background of discourse formation, count and describe the discourse practice to provide reference for the targeted agricultural information service.[Method/process] By the method of qualitative analysis, this paper took Central Document No. 1 as an example and based on Fairclough's discourse analysis theory, analyzed the evolution of Chinese agricultural information service policy text and its core discourse from the three dimensions of text, discourse practice and social environment since the 1980s, then the policy discourse were extracted, coded and classified.[Result/conclusion] Through the research, it is found that Chinese agriculture related information service can be divided into two periods since 1980. The first stage is 1982 to 1986 which call recovery period and it showed few agricultural-related information service subject contents and object types, and a low level of information-related services. Meanwhile, the development of infrastructure is generally slow. The second stage is from 2004 to the present, the agriculture-related information services not limit to traditional communities, activities, and rural areas. Not only have the objects been expanded, enriched and extended, but also the subjects. The activities have been institutionalized, scaled, and personalized, and information service system of agriculture-related has gradually taken shape. Each of the two stages has its own characteristics, but on the whole, has continuity and consistency, extension and development.

Key words: information service, policy text, discourse analysis, Central Document No. 1

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