图书情报工作 ›› 2019, Vol. 63 ›› Issue (13): 28-33.DOI: 10.13266/j.issn.0252-3116.2019.13.003

• 理论研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

公众科学的发展与挑战

金瑛1,2, 张晓林1,2, 胡智慧1   

  1. 1. 中国科学院文献情报中心 北京 100190;
    2. 中国科学院大学图书情报与档案管理系 北京 100190
  • 收稿日期:2018-09-05 修回日期:2019-03-01 出版日期:2019-07-05 发布日期:2019-07-05
  • 作者简介:金瑛(ORCID:0000-0002-6141-2338),馆员,博士研究生,E-mail:jinying@mail.las.ac.cn;张晓林(ORCID:0000-0001-8891-8366),研究员,教授;胡智慧(ORCID:0000-0002-5314-1582),研究员。
  • 基金资助:
    本文系中国科学院国际合作局项目"开放科学政策措施与实施机制"(项目编号:GJHZ1657)研究成果之一。

Development and Challenge of Citizen Science

Jin Ying1,2, Zhang Xiaolin1,2, Hu Zhihui1   

  1. 1. National Science Library, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190;
    2. Department of Library, Information and Archives Management, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190
  • Received:2018-09-05 Revised:2019-03-01 Online:2019-07-05 Published:2019-07-05

摘要: [目的/意义]公众科学是指非传统意义上的科研人员、普通民众参与到科学研究过程的全新科研范式,是新型开放创新模式。分析公众科学的发展趋势与挑战,对我国开展公众科学具有一定的借鉴意义。[方法/过程]通过文献调研、典型案例分析、对比分析等方法分析公众科学的发展、典型公众科学项目、面临问题的基础上,提出发展公众科学的政策建议。[结果/结论]公众科学是一种新型开放创新模式,有助于推动开放科学发展,有益于公民科学素养的提高,有利于公众参与政府决策。应充分认识公众科学的巨大潜力,从政策层面推动公众科学的进步。

关键词: 公众科学, 公民科学, 开放创新

Abstract: [Purpose/significance] Citizen science refers to non-traditional sense of scientific researchers participate in the scientific research process as new scientific research paradigm and new open innovation model. The analysis of the development trend and challenges of citizen science has certain reference significance for the development of citizen science in China.[Method/process] Based on the literature research, typical case analysis, comparative analysis methods, this study analyzed the development of citizen science, the typical citizen science projects and the problems faced. Then this paper put forward some policy suggestions for the development of citizen science.[Result/conclusion] Citizen science is a new type of open innovation, which is conducive to promoting the development of open science, improving citizens' scientific literacy and public participation in government decision-making. It should be aware of the enormous potential of public science and promoting the progress of citizen science from policy level.

Key words: citizen science, public participation in scientific research PPSR, open innovation

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