图书情报工作 ›› 2019, Vol. 63 ›› Issue (24): 78-85.DOI: 10.13266/j.issn.0252-3116.2019.24.009

• 工作研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

个体从业人员阅读需求与基层图书馆阅读服务体系建设

吴建华, 李雪, 靳艺文   

  1. 华中师范大学信息管理学院 武汉 430079
  • 收稿日期:2019-07-24 修回日期:2019-11-09 出版日期:2019-12-20 发布日期:2019-12-20
  • 作者简介:吴建华(ORCID:0000-0001-7707-3222),教授,博士,E-mail:wujh@mail.ccnu.edu.cn;李雪(ORCID:0000-0001-9253-3071),博士研究生;靳艺文(ORCID:0000-0003-3895-2245),硕士研究生。
  • 基金资助:
    本文系中央高校基本科研业务费自由探索项目"新媒体环境下国民阅读能力发展与基层图书馆阅读服务体系构建研究"(项目编号:CCNU19A06053)研究成果之一。

Reading Needs of Self-employed Individuals and the Construction of Reading Service System of Grassroots Libraries

Wu Jianhua, Li Xue, Jin Yiwen   

  1. School of Information Management, Central China Normal University, Wuhan 430079
  • Received:2019-07-24 Revised:2019-11-09 Online:2019-12-20 Published:2019-12-20

摘要: [目的/意义] 通过调查个体从业人员这一群体的阅读需求满足情况,考察基层图书馆阅读服务体系的建设状况。[方法/过程] 深度访谈30名个体从业人员并调查周边基层图书馆,分析他们的阅读需求满足情况。[结果/结论] 受访者通过移动阅读设备、网上书城、实体书店、图书馆满足阅读需求,手机接触率最高,图书馆接触率最低。社区图书室缺少独立的阅读空间,阅读资源有限,无专职管理人员,日常阅读服务缺位。原因在于:区图书馆无法参与社区图书室管理,对区图书馆的评估不能促进社区图书室主动发挥作用。建议加强政府层面的协调、强化区县图书馆对社区图书室的管理职能;帮助社区图书室开展标准化的日常服务;把社区图书室服务条件和服务效能纳入社区和区县图书馆考核指标体系。

关键词: 个体从业人员, 阅读需求与满足, 基层图书馆阅读服务体系, 使用与满足理论, 媒介依赖理论

Abstract: [Purpose/significance] By investigating the satisfaction of reading needs of the self-employed individuals, this study tries to inspect the construction of reading service system of grassroots libraries.[Method/process] In-depth interviews and survey were made with 30 self-employed individuals and the grassroots libraries around them to understand the characteristics of their reading behavior and how their reading needs are meet.[Result/conclusion] These self-employed individuals mainly met their reading needs by contacting mobile reading devices, online bookstores, physical bookstores and libraries, with the smartphone as the most popular and the library as the least popular. The community libraries are short of reading space and reading resources, there is no full-time librarian, and daily reading service is absent. The reason is that the district library is unable to participate in the administration of community libraries, and the evaluation on the district library is unable to promote the community libraries to play its role. It is suggested to strengthen the coordination at the government level and enhance the administrative function of the district and county libraries on the community libraries; to help the community libraries to carry out standardized daily services; to incorporate the service conditions and service efficiency of community libraries into the evaluation system of community and district libraries.

Key words: self-employed individuals, reading needs and satisfaction, reading service system of libraries at grass roots, use and gratifications theory, media dependence theory

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