图书情报工作 ›› 2021, Vol. 65 ›› Issue (6): 93-101.DOI: 10.13266/j.issn.0252-3116.2021.06.010

• 情报研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

应用变异系数识别睡美人文献研究

唐洁1,2,3, 曾静静1,2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院西北生态环境资源研究院 兰州 730000;
    2. 中国科学院兰州文献情报中心 兰州 730000;
    3. 中国科学院大学 北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2020-09-21 修回日期:2021-01-05 出版日期:2021-03-20 发布日期:2021-04-22
  • 通讯作者: 曾静静(ORCID:0000-0002-2236-3924),副研究员,通讯作者,E-mail:zengjj@llas.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:唐洁(ORCID:0000-0001-7632-3285),硕士研究生。
  • 基金资助:
    本文系国家自然科学基金面上项目"气候变化科学成果集成研究范式及其实现平台研究"(项目编号:41671535)研究成果之一。

Identify Sleeping Beauties in Science by Coefficient of Variation

Tang Jie1,2,3, Zeng Jingjing1,2   

  1. 1 Northwest Institute of Eco-Environment and Resources, CAS, Lanzhou 730000;
    2 Lanzhou Information Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000;
    3 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049
  • Received:2020-09-21 Revised:2021-01-05 Online:2021-03-20 Published:2021-04-22

摘要: [目的/意义] 回顾现有的睡美人文献识别方法,梳理不同方法的优缺点,尝试兼顾准确性与易操作性来改进睡美人文献的识别方法。[方法/过程] 基于目前发展较为成熟的Bcp指数识别法,借鉴其利用引文曲线"离散程度"进行识别这一核心思想,引入统计学中的"变异系数"概念,将其应用于不同引文曲线类型的区分,从而提出用以识别睡美人文献的PCV指数。[结果/结论] 识别结果显示,PCV指数能够较为简单、准确地识别睡美人文献,且该方法对总被引次数具有较低的依赖性。

关键词: 睡美人文献, 引文曲线, 变异系数

Abstract: [Purpose/significance] This paper aims to review existing identification methods of sleeping beauties in science, discuss strengths and weaknesses of different kinds of methods, and put forward a brand-new method for identifying sleeping papers. [Method/process] This study is based on the Bcp index, which is a well-developed and accurate method for identifying sleeping beauties in science. Through referring to the core idea of using the "dispersion degree" of citation curve for identification, the concept of "coefficient of variation" in statistics is introduced to the new method. Then the PCV index is proposed to identify various citation curves, sleeping beauties in particular. [Result/conclusion] As is shown in the results, PCV index can effectively identify the sleeping beauties literature. In addition, compared to the Bcp index, the new method has the advantages of simplicity and accuracy, and further reduces the dependence on the total number of citations.

Key words: sleeping beauty, citation curve, coefficient of variation

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