图书情报工作 ›› 2022, Vol. 66 ›› Issue (4): 45-55.DOI: 10.13266/j.issn.0252-3116.2022.04.005

• 理论研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

科研团队学:内涵、进展与展望

黄颖1,2,3, 李瑞婻1, 刘晓婷1, 张琳1,2,3   

  1. 1. 武汉大学信息管理学院 武汉 430072;
    2. 武汉大学科教管理与评价中心 武汉 430072;
    3. 比利时鲁汶大学ECOOM研究中心 鲁汶 B-3000
  • 收稿日期:2021-07-09 修回日期:2021-10-20 出版日期:2022-02-20 发布日期:2022-03-01
  • 通讯作者: 张琳,教授,博士,博士生导师,通信作者,E-mail:linzhang1117@whu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:黄颖,副教授,博士,博士生导师;李瑞婻,博士研究生;刘晓婷,博士研究生。
  • 基金资助:
    本文系国家青年科学基金项目"基于多源异构数据的新兴技术演化路径识别与预测研究"(项目编号:72004169)和国家自然科学基金面上项目"科研人员职业生涯的性别差异和影响机理研究:合作、流动与学术表现"(项目编号:71974150)研究成果之一。

Science of Team Science (SciTS): Connotations, Progress and Prospects

Huang Ying1,2,3, Li Ruinan1, Liu Xiaoting1, Zhang Lin1,2,3   

  1. 1. School of Information Management, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072;
    2. Center for Science, Technology & Education Assessment, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072;
    3. Centre for R&D Monitoring, Catholic University of Leuven, Leuven B-3000, Belgium
  • Received:2021-07-09 Revised:2021-10-20 Online:2022-02-20 Published:2022-03-01

摘要: [目的/意义] 团队协作被认为是解决复杂科学和社会挑战的有效方法之一,通过明晰团队与团队科学的相关概念,系统梳理科研团队学这一新兴交叉领域的发展进程及现状,以期深化相关学者对该领域的认知与理解。[方法/过程] 应用科学计量、系统综述、知识图谱等方法,在厘清团队与团队科学相关概念及内涵的基础上,梳理科研团队学的兴起和演化,进而从研究方法、研究工具、主要研究内容三个方面出发,总结当前科研团队学领域的主要研究进展,并对未来可能的发展方向进行展望和讨论。[结果/结论] 科研团队学这一新兴的跨学科领域综合利用多种定量与定性研究方法,在科研团队学的理论与模型、团队的特征与运行、团队的组织与发展、团队的测度与评估四个方面已有显著进展,未来该领域在定量研究方面潜在的努力方向主要包括:聚焦科研团队合作过程和结果,识别和量化团队效能影响因素;关注不同学科领域的团队合作特征,探索团队科学定量评估方法;关联交叉科学领域的研究成果与发现,探讨最佳团队合作模式;借鉴科学计量学理论与方法,加深对团队科学发展规律的认识和理解。

关键词: 团队科学, 科研团队学, 科研团队, SciTS, 跨学科研究

Abstract: [Purpose/significance] Nowadays, team collaboration is considered one of the effective ways to solve the complex scientific and social challenges. By clarifying the related concepts of team and team science, this paper systematically sorts out the development process and status of the emerging interdisciplinary field of SciTS. This paper aims to deepen the related researchers' understanding of the SciTS.[Method/process] Employing the methods of bibliometrics, systematic review and knowledge graph, based on clarifying the concepts and connotations of the team and team science, this paper reviewed the development and evolution of SciTS, summarized the current research progress in SciTS from three aspects of research methods, research tools and research contents, and then discussed the possible future development directions.[Result/conclusion] SciTS, an emerging interdisciplinary field, integrates various quantitative and qualitative research methods and has made significant progress in four areas:theories and models of team science, characteristics and operation of team, organization and development of team, and measurement and evaluation of team. In the future, the potential quantitative research directions in this area can be summarized as the following four aspects:1) focusing on the collaboration process and results of research teams and identifying and quantifying the influencing factors of team effectiveness; 2) revealing the characteristics of team cooperation in different disciplines and exploring the scientific quantitative evaluation methods of the team; 3) associating the research results and discoveries in the interdisciplinary field and exploring the best team cooperation mode; 4) introducing theories and methods of scientometrics and deepening the understanding of the development law of team science.

Key words: team science, science of team science, research team, SciTS, interdisciplinary research

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