图书情报工作 ›› 2022, Vol. 66 ›› Issue (12): 92-107.DOI: 10.13266/j.issn.0252-3116.2022.12.009

• 知识组织 • 上一篇    下一篇

面向考古类型学的出土陶器器形的知识表示与语义关联构建

韩牧哲1, 高劲松1, 李钰2,3   

  1. 1. 华中师范大学信息管理学院 武汉 430079;
    2. 四川大学考古文博学院 成都 610225;
    3. 四川文化艺术学院美术设计学院 绵阳 621000
  • 收稿日期:2021-09-21 修回日期:2022-03-13 出版日期:2022-06-20 发布日期:2022-06-25
  • 通讯作者: 高劲松,教授,博士生导师,通信作者,E-mail:jsgao@mail.ccnu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:韩牧哲,博士研究生;李钰,讲师,博士研究生。
  • 基金资助:
    本文系国家社会科学基金重大项目"新时代我国文献信息资源保障体系重构研究"(项目编号:19ZDA345)研究成果之一。

Knowledge Representation and Semantic Association Construction of the Shape of Unearthed Potteries for Archaeological Typology

Han Muzhe1, Gao Jinsong1, Li Yu2,3   

  1. 1. School of Information Management, Central China Normal University, Wuhan 430079;
    2. School of Archaeology and Museology, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610225;
    3. Academy of Art and Design, Sichuan University of Culture and Arts, Mianyang 621000
  • Received:2021-09-21 Revised:2022-03-13 Online:2022-06-20 Published:2022-06-25

摘要: [目的/意义]面向考古类型学,提出一种适用于出土文物特征描述的知识表示模型,并在此基础上提出相应的语义映射和本体扩展方法,以突破传统类型学方法造成的语义壁垒,促进知识的共享与重用。[方法/过程]首先,对考古类型学思想及其传统方法造成的语义壁垒问题进行剖析,针对性地提出考古类型学知识表示策略;其次,结合考古学的语料特征和类型学逻辑,对出土陶器的器形描述按照属种关系、整部关系两种维度分解;随后,对陶器的部分和类型逐层提出知识表示方案与特征向量表达式,进而构建出土陶器器形的知识表示模型;接下来,在知识表示模型的基础上,揭示基于条件等价映射的考古类型学本体扩展方法,实现考古类型学语义关联构建;最后,以青海柳湾的两件陶器为例,展示应用本文方法进行类型学知识表示的形式和过程,及其本体图形可视化效果。[结果/结论]以陶器器形为例对出土文物从考古类型学视角下的知识表示和语义关联构建是数字人文研究在考古学领域的一种新的尝试,可以为类型学研究由依靠经验向依靠数据的转变提供技术支持。

关键词: 考古类型学, 出土陶器, 知识表示, 语义关联构建

Abstract: [Purpose/Significance] On the view of archaeological typology, this paper proposes a knowledge representation model suitable for the description of the characteristics of unearthed relics, and the corresponding semantic mapping and ontology expansion methods are proposed on this basis, which may break through the semantic barriers caused by traditional typology methods and promote the sharing and reuse of knowledge. [Method/Process] Firstly, this paper analyzed the semantic barrier caused by the thought and traditional methods of archaeological typology, and presented a targeted archaeological typology knowledge representation strategy; Secondly, combined with the characteristics of archaeological corpus and the logic of typology, and the shape description of unearthed potteries was decomposed according to two dimensions of genus-species relationship and whole-part relationship; Next, the knowledge representation scheme and eigenvector expressions of the parts and varieties of potteries were put forward layer by layer, and then put forward the knowledge representation model of the shape of unearthed potteries; And, based on the knowledge representation model, an ontology extension method of archaeological typology ontology based on conditional equivalence mapping was proposed to realize the construction of semantic association of archaeological typology; Finally, taking two samples from Liuwan Cemetery, Qinghai Province as example, the paper showed the form and process of typological knowledge representation and the visualization effect of ontology graphics. [Result/Conclusion] Taking the shape of potteries as a case, the knowledge representation and semantic association construction of unearthed relics from the perspective of archaeological typology is a new attempt of digital humanities research in the field of archaeology, which can provide technical support for the transformation of typological research from relying on experience to relying on data.

Key words: archaeological typology, unearthed potteries, knowledge representation, semantic association construction

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