图书情报工作 ›› 2023, Vol. 67 ›› Issue (7): 53-66.DOI: 10.13266/j.issn.0252-3116.2023.07.006

• 理论研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于扎根理论的我国数据要素确权地方立法策略及其调整

文禹衡1,2, 付张祎1   

  1. 1 湘潭大学知识产权学院湘潭 411105;
    2 湖南省数据治理与智慧司法研究中心湘潭 411105
  • 收稿日期:2022-10-08 修回日期:2023-01-01 出版日期:2023-04-05 发布日期:2023-04-15
  • 作者简介:文禹衡,主任,副教授,博士,E-mail:jsjmyh@163.com;付张祎,硕士研究生。
  • 基金资助:
    本文系国家社会科学基金青年项目“数据要素确权的法律供给研究”(项目编号:21CFX007)研究成果之

Local Legislation Strategy and Adjustment on the Right Confirmation of Data Elements in China Based on Grounded Theory

Wen Yuheng1,2, Fu Zhangyi1   

  1. 1 School of Intellectual Property, Xiangtan University, Xiangtan 411105;
    2 Hunan Data Governance and Smart Judicial Research Center, Xiangtan 411105
  • Received:2022-10-08 Revised:2023-01-01 Online:2023-04-05 Published:2023-04-15

摘要: [目的/意义] 研究数据要素确权的立法策略,有利于立法者优化数据确权立法和其他主体了解数据确权地方立法要点。[方法/过程] 以我国有关数据要素确权的21份地方数据条例为样本,运用扎根理论方法,从确权的态度、概念、客体、属性、路径、内容、边界、主体与归属展开分析。[结果/结论] 我国数据确权地方立法策略已表现出明显的数据确权倾向,以数据权益为概念表达,重财产属性而轻人格属性,通过双向确权促进数据流通利用、双重划定边界限定权利行使,但数据权利客体的范围不清、分类分级不够,且权利主体、归属、保护路径等仍不够具体。建议数据确权立法在态度与概念的表达策略、客体的优化策略、属性与保护路径的选择策略、内容与边界的扩展策略、主体与归属的确定策略上进行调整。

关键词: 数据确权, 数据产权, 地方立法, 立法策略, 扎根理论

Abstract: [Purpose/Significance] To study the legislative strategy of data element right confirmation, it is helpful for legislators to optimize data right confirmation legislation and other subjects to understand the key points of local legislation of data right confirmation.[Method/Process] Taking 21 local data regulations related to the right confirmation of data elements in China as samples, the grounded theory method was used to analyze the attitude, concept, object, attribute, path, content, boundary, subject and attribution of the right confirmation.[Result/Conclusion] The local legislation strategy of data rights confirmation in China has shown an obvious tendency of data rights confirmation. It takes data rights as the expression of concept, emphasizes property attributes rather than personality attributes, promotes data circulation and utilization through two-way rights confirmation, and double delimits boundaries to limit the exercise of rights. However, the scope of data rights objects is not clear, the classification and grading are not enough, and the subject, ownership, and protection path of rights are still not specific enough. It is suggested that data right confirmation legislation should be adjusted in terms of attitude and concept expression strategy, object optimization strategy, attribute and protection path selection strategy, content and boundary expansion strategy, and subject and ownership determination strategy.

Key words: data right confirmation, data title, local legislation, legislative strategies, grounded theory

中图分类号: