图书情报工作 ›› 2023, Vol. 67 ›› Issue (13): 111-121.DOI: 10.13266/j.issn.0252-3116.2023.13.012

• 情报研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

科学数据共享意愿影响因素实证与仿真研究

支凤稳1,2,3, 张萌1   

  1. 1 河北大学管理学院 保定 071002;
    2 中国科学技术信息研究所 北京 100038;
    3 河北省数字治理与协同治理研究基地 保定 071002
  • 收稿日期:2022-12-30 修回日期:2023-04-11 出版日期:2023-07-05 发布日期:2023-07-11
  • 通讯作者: 张萌,硕士研究生,通信作者,E-mail:zhangme96@126.com
  • 作者简介:支凤稳,副教授,博士。
  • 基金资助:
    本文系河北省高等学校人文社会科学研究项目“元宇宙时代科学数据共享模式及其应用研究”(项目编号:BJS2022027)研究成果之一。

Empirical and Simulation Research on the Influencing Factors of Scientific Data Sharing Willingness

Zhi Fengwen1,2,3, Zhang Meng1   

  1. 1 School of Management, Hebei University, Baoding 071002;
    2 China Institute of Science and Technology Information, Beijing 100038;
    3 Collaborative Digital Governance Research Base of Hebei, Baoding 071002
  • Received:2022-12-30 Revised:2023-04-11 Online:2023-07-05 Published:2023-07-11

摘要: [目的/意义] 旨在探明科学数据共享意愿的影响因素、作用机理及动态演化规律,以期为后续相关研究与实践提供参考。[方法/过程] 基于刺激机体反应理论,构建科学数据共享意愿的理论模型。利用问卷调查获取 435份有效样本,并通过结构方程模型进行实证检验,确定变量间路径系数。在此基础上,构建系统动力学模型,对变量间关系的动态演化规律进行仿真。[结果/结论] “信任 → 共享态度 → 共享意愿”路径是驱动科学数据共享的基本逻辑,互惠、社会互动、数据质量对信任有显著正向影响,其效应排序为“互惠 > 数据质量 > 社会互动”。同时,感知行为控制对共享意愿有显著正向影响,而主观规范对共享意愿的影响不显著。不同情境下的信任速率、初始感知行为控制、初始共享意愿均对科学数据共享意愿产生影响。最后,针对主要研究结论提出促进科学数据共享的建议。

关键词: 科学数据共享, 共享意愿, 刺激机体反应理论, 影响因素, 仿真

Abstract: [Purpose/Significance] The study aims to reveal the influencing factors, working mechanism and dynamic evolution law of scientific data sharing willingness to provide a reference for the following-up research and practice. [Method/Process] A theoretical model of scientific data sharing willingness was constructed based on the stimulus organism response theory. 435 valid questionnaire samples were empirically tested via structural equation model to get the path coefficients among variables, based on which a system dynamics model was conducted to emulate the dynamic evolution of the relationship among variables. [Result/Conclusion] The path of “trust→sharing attitude →sharing willingness” is the basic logic pushing scientific data sharing forward. Mutual benefits, social interaction and data quality have remarkable positive influence on trust, and their effects are ranked as “mutual benefits>data quality> social interaction”. Meanwhile, the perceived behavioral control has prominent positive influence on sharing willingness while subjective norms are insignificant. Under different circumstances, the trust rate, the initial perceived behavior control and the initial degree of sharing willingness all exert influences on scientific data sharing willingness. Finally, suggestions of promoting scientific data sharing were proposed based on main research conclusions.

Key words: scientific data sharing, sharing willingness, stimulus organism response theory, influencing factors, emulation

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