图书情报工作 ›› 2015, Vol. 59 ›› Issue (4): 20-24,55.DOI: 10.13266/j.issn.0252-3116.2015.04.003

• 理论研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

欧盟《孤儿作品指令》法律效力及其制度环境研究

王本欣   

  1. 大连海洋大学图书馆 大连 116023
  • 收稿日期:2015-01-09 修回日期:2015-02-05 出版日期:2015-02-20 发布日期:2015-02-20
  • 作者简介:王本欣(ORCID:0000-0002-3939-0443),渤海校区图书馆主任,副研究馆员,硕士,E-mail:wangbenxin@dlou.edu.cn。
  • 基金资助:

    本文系教育部人文社会科学研究规划基金项目"比较法视角下图书馆孤儿作品利用的路径选择和制度构建"(项目编号:14YJA870011)和辽宁省社会科学规划基金一般项目"基于比较法视角的图书馆著作权限制与例外制度的变革研究"(项目编号:L14BTQ004)研究成果之一。

Research on Legal Effect of EU Orphan Works Directive & Its Institutional Environment

Wang Benxin   

  1. Library of Dalian Ocean University, Dalian 116023
  • Received:2015-01-09 Revised:2015-02-05 Online:2015-02-20 Published:2015-02-20

摘要:

[目的/意义] 以欧盟知识产权统一国际私法政策为切入点,研究欧盟孤儿作品立法的制度环境与《孤儿作品指令》法律效力的关联性,为构建中国本土化孤儿作品利用的法定许可制度提供理论支持。[方法/过程] 采用法律规范分析方法,以《孤儿作品指令》适用反致为研究基础,分析《孤儿作品指令》的法律渊源,如著作权延伸性集体管理制度和著作权补偿金制度等。[结果/结论] 要构建中国本土化的孤儿作品利用法定许可制度,首先应明确孤儿作品立法的价值目标和制度功能。其次具备孤儿作品利用所要求的具有可操作性的制度供给和组织架构。

关键词: 孤儿作品, 延伸性集体管理, 著作权补偿金

Abstract:

[Purpose/significance] In this paper, the author, by analyzing Private International Law policies concerning EU intellectual property, discusses the impact of the institutional environment on legal effect of EU Orphan Works Directive, thus hoping to provide some insights into the theoretical framework for licensing and the legal transplants or legal acculturation of this Directive in China. [Method/process] Legal norms are analyzed. Based on the analysis of remission and its application, the author identifies the source of EU Orphan Works Directive, of which, the extended collective licensing and management system and copyright compensation policy adopted in EU member states aere specifically addressed. [Result/conclusion] The legal transplants or legal acculturation of this Directive and the construction of orphan works licensing system in China should be based on two principles. Firstly, the objectives and the function of orphan works legislation should be explicitly defined. Secondly, a feasible and operable institutional and managerial framework that could ensure its functioning should be erected.

Key words: orphan works, extended collective management, copyright compensation

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