图书情报工作 ›› 2016, Vol. 60 ›› Issue (5): 87-92,117.DOI: 10.13266/j.issn.0252-3116.2016.05.013

• 情报研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

Altmetrics工具的发展、现况及相关问题

刘春丽   

  1. 中国医科大学图书馆 沈阳 110122
  • 收稿日期:2016-01-19 修回日期:2016-02-03 出版日期:2016-03-05 发布日期:2016-03-05
  • 作者简介:刘春丽(ORCID:0000-0002-3671-6487),副研究馆员,博士研究生,E-mail:liuchunliliangxu@163.com。
  • 基金资助:
    本文系教育部人文社会科学研究青年基金项目"Altmetrics语境下的多类型科研成果评价新体系研究"(项目编号:15YJC870015)研究成果之一。

Development, Current Situation and Related Issues of Altmetrics Tools

Liu Chunli   

  1. Library of China Medical University, Shenyang 110122
  • Received:2016-01-19 Revised:2016-02-03 Online:2016-03-05 Published:2016-03-05

摘要: [目的/意义]altmetrics指标是对传统文献计量指标的补充,但相关理论和实践还处于起步阶段。本文旨在总结和分析altmetrics工具在数据质量和可靠性方面存在的一些问题。[方法/过程]在概述altmetrics工具的发展基础上,系统梳理altmetrics的基本工具和聚合工具及现阶段存在的相关问题。[结果/结论]总结altmetrics工具在数据覆盖广度和强度、数据跟踪和搜集方式、上下文和人口统计特征分析、数据的甄别和处理4方面存在的相关问题,进一步提出altmetrics及ALMs数据应该遵循公开、透明和可审计3个基本原则。

关键词: altmetrics, 论文级别计量, 数据层面计量, Altmetric.com, ImpactStory, PlumX

Abstract: [Purpose/significance] Altmetrics is the complement to traditional bibliometrics, while its relative theory and practice is still at its early stage. This paper hopes to summarize and analyze the issues concerning its data quality and reliability.[Method/process] The paper briefly introduces the development of altmetrics tools, systematically summarizes its basic and aggregated tools, and discusses the relevant issues.[Result/conclusion] It summarizes four aspects issues of altmetrics tools, including coverage and intensity of data, tracking and collecting ways of data, analysis of context and demography, identifying and processing of data. It further suggests that altmetrics and ALM data should adhere to three principles of open, transparent and auditable.

Key words: altmetrics, article-level metrics, data-level metrics, Altmetric.com, ImpactStory, PlumX

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