图书情报工作 ›› 2016, Vol. 60 ›› Issue (6): 135-141.DOI: 10.13266/j.issn.0252-3116.2016.06.020

• 综述述评 • 上一篇    下一篇

顶尖科学家的学术影响力变化规律研究进展

高志1, 陈兰杰2, 张志强3   

  1. 1. 天津城建大学图书馆 天津 300384;
    2. 河北大学管理学院 保定 071000;
    3. 中国科学院成都文献情报中心 成都 610041
  • 收稿日期:2016-02-03 修回日期:2016-02-25 出版日期:2016-03-20 发布日期:2016-03-20
  • 作者简介:高志(ORCID:0000-0003-1770-1308),博士研究生,E-mail:t_agzh@163.com;陈兰杰(ORCID:0000-0003-4221-4552),副教授;张志强(ORCID:0000-0001-7323-501X),研究员,博士生导师。
  • 基金资助:
    本文系河北省宣传文化系统"四个一批"人才资助项目"政府信息资产及其商业价值实现路径研究"(项目编号:20140905)和教育部人文社会科学研究青年基金项目"创新驱动下的知识动员实施机理研究"(项目编号:15YJCZH208)研究成果之一。

Research Review on Trends of Academic Impact of Top Scientists

Gao Zhi1, Chen Lanjie2, Zhang Zhiqiang3   

  1. 1. Tianjin Chengjian University Library, Tianjin 300384;
    2. Maragement College of Hebei University, Baoding 071000;
    3. Chengdu Literature and Information Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu 610041
  • Received:2016-02-03 Revised:2016-02-25 Online:2016-03-20 Published:2016-03-20

摘要: [目的/意义] 综述目前顶尖科学家的学术影响力变化规律研究,为发现顶尖科学家学术成长规律提供研究方向。[方法/过程] 首先界定顶尖科学家的范围,总结个人学术影响力的内涵及其定量测度方法,然后重点从学术影响力测度方法、规律研究方法、规律研究结果和顶尖科学家学术影响力变化规律假说这4个角度对顶尖科学家学术影响力的变化规律研究现状进行综述。[结果/结论] 认为顶尖科学家的学术影响力变化规律现有研究中存在数据处理过于笼统等问题,指出今后5个可能的研究方向。

关键词: 顶尖科学家, 个人学术影响力, 个人学术影响力变化规律, 诺贝尔奖, 菲尔兹奖, 克拉克奖

Abstract: [Purpose/significance] This paper systematically reviews the changes of academic impact of top scientists to provide the research direction on discovering the academic developing laws of top scientists. [Method/process] Firstly, the concept of top scientists is defined, and the concept and evaluation methods of individual academic impact are summarized. Then, the quantitative evaluation method of academic impact of top scientists, the research method of laws, the research result of laws and the hypotheses of trends of academic impact of top scientists are summarized. [Result/conclusion] The issues such as rough data processing in the present research and five possible research prospects are clarified.

Key words: top scientist, individual academic impact, trend of individual academic impact, Nobel Prize, Fields Medal, John Bates Clark Medal

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