图书情报工作 ›› 2022, Vol. 66 ›› Issue (7): 35-46.DOI: 10.13266/j.issn.0252-3116.2022.07.004

所属专题: 数字人文视角下历史档案资源知识聚合与知识发现研究

• 专题:数字人文视角下历史档案资源知识聚合与知识发现研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

近代报纸资源细粒度语义描述模型设计及应用——以《盛京时报》为例

孙绍丹1, 邓君1, 常严予1, 张子姝1, 沈涌2   

  1. 1. 吉林大学商学与管理学院 长春 130012;
    2. 吉林大学公共卫生学院 长春 130022
  • 收稿日期:2021-09-26 修回日期:2021-11-28 出版日期:2022-04-05 发布日期:2022-04-15
  • 通讯作者: 邓君,教授,中国人民大学档案事业发展研究中心研究员,博士,博士生导师,通信作者,E-mail:dengjun9722@163.com。
  • 作者简介:孙绍丹,博士研究生;常严予,硕士研究生;张子姝,博士研究生;沈涌,讲师。
  • 基金资助:
    本文系国家社会科学基金项目"数字人文视角下历史档案资源知识聚合与知识发现研究"(项目编号:19BTQ102)研究成果之一。

Design and Application of the Fine-Grained Semantic Description Model of Modern Newspaper Resources: Taking Shengjing Times as an Example

Sun Shaodan1, Deng Jun1, Chang Yanyu1, Zhang Zishu1, Shen Yong2   

  1. 1. School of Business and Management, Jilin University, Changchun 130012;
    2. School of Public Health, Jilin University, Changchun 130022
  • Received:2021-09-26 Revised:2021-11-28 Online:2022-04-05 Published:2022-04-15

摘要: [目的/意义] 设计科学、规范的近代报纸资源细粒度语义描述模型,深入揭示近代报纸资源特征及关联关系,为近代报纸资源的有效管理、组织及知识发现、知识服务提供参考。[方法/过程] 通过分析近代报纸资源逻辑结构、物理布局、内容信息等,从领域本体和元数据描述两方面着手,复用CIDOC-CRM本体概念模型和EAD、DC、《古籍元数据规范》,以《盛京时报》为例设计近代报纸资源细粒度语义描述模型,并采用Oxygen XML工具将语义描述模型用RDF/XML语言进行描述,实现元素互操作和模型应用。[结果/结论] 为近代报纸资源组织提供一个可操作的细粒度语义描述模型,为近代报纸资源库构建、报纸规范化管理及应用系统开发等提供基础保障,促进近代报纸资源的开发、利用与共享。

关键词: 近代报纸资源, 语义描述模型, 《盛京时报》, RDF/XML

Abstract: [Purpose/Significance] This paper designs a scientific and standardized fine-grained semantic description model of modern newspaper resources, and reveals the characteristics and relationships of modern newspaper resources in depth, in order to provide references for the effective management, organization, knowledge discovery and knowledge service of modern newspaper resources.[Method/Process] By analyzing the logical structure, physical layout, contents of modern newspaper resources, starting from two aspects of domain ontology description and metadata description, this paper reused the CIDOC-CRM ontology conceptual model, EAD, DC and Ancient Book Metadata Specification, and took Shengjing Times as an example to design a fine-grained semantic description model for modern newspaper resources. Then, it used Oxygen XML tool to describe the semantic model in RDF/XML language to realize element interoperability and model application.[Result/Conclusion] This paper aims to provide an operable fine-grained semantic description model for the modern newspaper resource organization, provide a basic guarantee for the construction of the modern newspaper resource database, the standardized newspaper management and the application system development, and promote the development, utilization and sharing of the modern newspaper resources.

Key words: modern digital newspaper resources, semantic description model, Shengjing Times, RDF/XML

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