图书情报工作 ›› 2021, Vol. 65 ›› Issue (7): 25-37.DOI: 10.13266/j.issn.0252-3116.2021.07.003

所属专题: 人文社科研究数据管理与服务

• 专题:人文社科研究数据管理与服务 • 上一篇    下一篇

全生命周期视域下人文社科研究数据管理平台的设计与实现

姚占雷1, 谷俊2, 许鑫1,3   

  1. 1 华东师范大学经济与管理学部 上海 200062;
    2 上海师范大学人文学院 上海 200233;
    3 华东师范大学调查与数据中心 上海 200241
  • 收稿日期:2020-10-26 修回日期:2021-02-07 出版日期:2021-04-05 发布日期:2021-04-23
  • 通讯作者: 许鑫(ORCID:0000-0001-7020-3135),教授、博士生导师,副主任,博士,通讯作者,E-mail:xxu@infor.ecnu.edu.cn。
  • 作者简介:姚占雷(ORCID:0000-0002-7143-4725),工程师,硕士。
  • 基金资助:
    本文系华东师范大学"幸福之花"先导研究基金项目"大数据视阈下基于学术共同体的人文社科学术评价与促进研究"(项目编号:2019ECNU-XFZH016)研究成果之一。

Design and Implementation of Management Platform for Humanities and Social Sciences Research Data in the Perspective of Full Life Cycle

Yao Zhanlei1, Gu jun2, Xu Xin1,3   

  1. 1 Faculty of Economics and Management, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062;
    2 School of Humanities, Shanghai Normal University, Shanghai 200233;
    3 Social Survey and Data Center, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241
  • Received:2020-10-26 Revised:2021-02-07 Online:2021-04-05 Published:2021-04-23

摘要: [目的/意义] 近年来,我国虽已出台政策对科学数据的管理、共享与利用给出了明确的引导与规范,但现有主流的数据管理平台架构侧重在对数据的科学管理,数据的共享利用效率不高,本研究在系统拓展现有平台的数据管理功能基础上,聚焦解决科学数据的共享利用难题。[方法/过程] 在广泛调研与文献梳理的基础上,首先厘清人文社科研究数据管理平台建设的必要性和困境,其次系统设计与阐释了全生命周期视域下人文社科研究数据管理平台建设的核心功能与特点,进而结合平台实例,详细描绘了核心功能的关键技术实现。[结果/结论] 以开放互联为基础、以开发利用为核心、以自助分析为特色,最终建立起面向全生命周期的研究数据管理平台基础框架,并据此设计实现了一个全生命周期的人文社科研究数据管理平台,可为相关实践与研究提供特色案例与参考。

关键词: 数据管理, 人文社科, 开发利用, 平台建设

Abstract: [Purpose/significance] Policies that giving clear guidance and regulations on the management, sharing and utilization of scientific data have been issued by China in recent years. However, architectures of current data management platforms focus on the scientificity of data management, not the efficiency of data sharing and utilization. Based on systematically expanding the data management functions of existing platforms, this study focused on solving the problems of sharing and using scientific data. [Method/process] Based on the investigation and literature review, this study first clarified the necessity and predicament of the construction of a management platform for humanities and social sciences research data. Second, from the perspective of full life cycle, the study systematically designed the core functions and explained the characteristics of the platform. Then, the study described the details of the realization of key functions by a real case. [Result/conclusion] Aimed at open and interconnection, development and utilization, and self-service analytics, a basic framework of research data management for full life cycle was established. Based on the framework, a management platform for humanities and social sciences research data was actualized. The platform can be a characteristic case and a reference for related practices and studies.

Key words: data management, humanities and social sciences, development and utilization, platform construction

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